Christian Doctrine of Sin

by John Tulloch


John Tulloch, a beloved professor at the University of St Andrews, was a moderate liberal theologian who sought to reconcile the insights of higher criticism of the Bible with the tenets of Christian orthodoxy. For example, Tulloch had published a critical essay in response to Ernest Renan, who had read Scripture so reductionistically that he denied the divinity of Christ and the existence of miracles. In 1876, Tulloch published six lectures on the doctrine of sin. As well as laying out the basics of both Old and New Testament perspectives on sin, Tulloch compares the Christian doctrine of sin to the teachings of other world religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Gnosticism, and Zoroastrianism. In the final lecture, he addresses some of the major questions about and criticisms of the doctrine of Original Sin, one of the more complicated and controversial teachings within Christianity.

Kathleen O’Bannon
CCEL Staff

About John Tulloch

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Picture of John Tulloch
Picture of John Tulloch
Born: June 1, 1823
Died: February 13, 1886
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