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Section LI.

[1] [Arabic, p. 192] 35333533    John xix. 13.And when Pilate heard this saying, he took Jesus out, and sat on the tribune in the place which was called the pavement of stones, but in the Hebrew [2] called Gabbatha.  35343534    John xix. 14.And that day was the Friday of the passover:  and it had reached [3] about the sixth hour.35353535    Lit. six hours.  35363536    John xix. 15.And he said to the Jews, Behold, your King!  And they cried out, Take him, take him, crucify him, crucify him.  Pilate said unto them, Shall I crucify your King?  The chief priests said unto him, We have no king except [4] Cæsar.  35373537    Matt. xxvii. 24.And Pilate, when he saw it, and35383538    Or, that. he was gaining nothing, but the tumult 122was increasing, took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, and said, I [5] am innocent of the blood of this innocent man:  ye shall know.35393539    cf. Peshitta.  Or, Ye know (cf. Sinaitic).  35403540    Matt. xxvii. 25.And all the people [6] answered and said, His blood be on us, and on our children.  35413541    John xix. 16a.Then Pilate commanded to grant them their request; and delivered up Jesus to be crucified, according to their wish.

[7] 35423542    Matt. xxvii. 3.Then Judas the betrayer, when he saw Jesus wronged, went and returned the [8] thirty pieces of money to the chief priests and the elders, 35433543    Matt. xxvii. 4.and said, I have sinned in my betraying innocent blood.  And they said unto him, And we, what must we do? [9] know thou.  35443544    Matt. xxvii. 5.And he threw down the money in the temple, and departed; and he [10] went away35453545    Borg. ms. omits and he went away. and hanged35463546    Lit. strangled. himself.  35473547    Matt. xxvii. 6.And the chief priests took the money, and said, We have not authority to cast it into the place of the offering,35483548    cf. § 32, 15, note. for it is the price [11] of blood.  35493549    Matt. xxvii. 7.And they took counsel, and bought with it the plain of the potter, for [12] the burial of strangers.  35503550    Matt. xxvii. 8.Therefore that plain was called, The field of blood, unto [13] [Arabic, p. 193] this day.  35513551    Matt. xxvii. 9.Therein35523552    Or, at that (time). was fulfilled the saying in the prophet which said, I took thirty pieces of money, the price of the precious one, which was fixed [14] by the children of Israel; 35533553    Matt. xxvii. 10.and I paid them for the plain of the potter, as the Lord commanded me.

[15] 35543554    John xix. 16b; Mark xv. 20b.And the Jews took Jesus, and went away to crucify him.  35553555    John xix. 17a; Matt. xxvii. 31b.And when he bare his [16] cross and went out, they stripped him of those purple and scarlet garments which he [17] had on, and put on him his own garments.  35563556    Matt. xxvii. 32a; Mark xv. 21b.And while they were going with him, they found a man, a Cyrenian, coming from the country, named Simon, the father of Alexander and Rufus:  35573557    Matt. xxvii. 32b.and they compelled this man to bear the cross of Jesus.  [18] 35583558    Luke xxiii. 26b.And they took the cross and laid it upon him, that he might bear it, and come after Jesus; and Jesus went, and his cross behind him.

[19] 35593559    Luke xxiii. 27.And there followed him much people, and women which were lamenting and [20] raving.35603560    Lit. being burned.  The text is probably corrupt.  35613561    Luke xxiii. 28.But Jesus turned unto them and said, Daughters of Jerusalem, weep not [21] for me:  weep for yourselves, and for your children.  35623562    Luke xxiii. 29.Days are coming, when they shall say, Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that bare not, and the breasts [22] that gave not suck.  35633563    Luke xxiii. 30.Then shall they begin to say to the mountains, Fall on us; and [23] to the hills, Cover us.  35643564    Luke xxiii. 31.For if they do so in the green tree,35653565    Lit. wood (cf. Syr. and Greek). what shall be in the dry?

[24] 35663566    Luke xxiii. 32.And they brought with Jesus two others of the malefactors,35673567    Or, others, malefactors. to be put to death.

[25] 35683568    Luke xxiii. 33a; John xix. 17c.And when they came unto a certain place called The skull, and called in the Hebrew Golgotha, they crucified him there:  35693569    Luke xxiii. 33b.they crucified with him these two [26] malefactors, one on his right, and the other on his left.  35703570    Mark xv. 28.And the scripture was [27] [Arabic, p. 194] fulfilled, which saith, He was numbered with the transgressors.  35713571    Mark xv. 23a.And they gave him to drink wine and myrrh, and vinegar which had been mixed with the myrrh; 35723572    Matt. xxvii. 34b; Mark xv. 23b.and he tasted, and would not drink; and he received it not.

[28] 35733573    John xix. 23.And the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took his garments, and cast lots for them in four parts, to every party of the soldiers a part; and his tunic was [29] without sewing, from the top woven throughout.  35743574    John xix. 24.And they said one to another, Let us not rend it, but cast lots for it, whose it shall be:  and the scripture was fulfilled, which saith,

They divided my garments among them,

And cast the lot for my vesture.

[30, 31] 35753575    Matt. xxvii. 36.This the soldiers did.  And they sat and guarded him there.  35763576    John xix. 19.And Pilate wrote on a tablet the cause of his death, and put it on the wood of the cross above his head.35773577    Matt. xxvii. 37.  And there was written upon it thus:  This is Jesus the Nazarene, the King of the [32] Jews35783578    John xix. 20.And this tablet35793579    A different word from that in the preceding verse; in each case, the word used in the Peshitta (Cur. and Sin. lacking). read many of the Jews:  for the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city:  and it was written in Hebrew and Greek and Latin.  [33] 35803580    John xix. 21.And the chief priests said unto Pilate, Write not, The King of the Jews; but, He it is [34] that35813581    The Syriac words, retained in Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary (f. 366a), seem to have been transposed.  Vat. ms. omits he, probably meaning but that he said. said, I am the King of the Jews.  35823582    John xix. 22.Pilate said unto them, What hath been [35] written hath been written.35833583    In a carelessly written Arabic ms. there is almost no difference between hath been written and I have written, as it is in Ibn-at-Tayyib (loc. cit., f. 366a).  35843584    Luke xxiii. 35a; Matt. xxvii. 39.And the people were standing beholding; and they 123[36] that passed by were reviling35853585    cf. § 7, 17, note.  Borg. ms. has jesting at. him, and shaking35863586    The Arabic text has deriding (cf. § 51, 37).  Either with is accidentally omitted, or, more probably, we should correct the spelling to shaking (cf. Syriac versions). their heads, and saying, 35873587    Matt. xxvii. 40a; Mark xv. 29.Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, 35883588    Matt. xxvii. thyself if thou art the Son [37] of God, and come down from the cross.  35893589    Matt. xxvii. 41.And in like manner the chief priests and the [Arabic, p. 195] scribes and the elders and the Pharisees derided him, and laughed one with [38, 39] another, and said, 35903590    Matt. xxvii. 42a.The saviour of others cannot save himself.  35913591    Luke xxiii. 35c; Matt. xxvii. 42c.If he is the Messiah, the chosen of God, and the King of Israel,35923592    Verse 37 or Mt. let him come down now from the [40] cross, that we may see, and believe in him.  35933593    Matt. xxvii. 43.He that relieth on God—let him deliver him [41] now, if he is pleased with him:  for he said, I am the Son of God.  35943594    Luke xxiii. 36.And the soldiers [42] also scoffed at him in that they came near unto him, 35953595    Luke xxiii. 37.and brought him vinegar, and [43] said unto him, If thou art the King of the Jews, save thyself.  35963596    Matt. xxvii. 44.And likewise the two robbers35973597    Borg. ms. has boys (an easy clerical error). also that were crucified with him reproached him.

[44] 35983598    Luke xxiii. 39.And one of those two malefactors who were crucified with him reviled him, and [45] said, If thou art the Messiah, save thyself, and save us also.  35993599    Luke xxiii. 40.But his comrade rebuked him, and said, Dost thou not even fear God, being thyself also in this [46] condemnation?  36003600    Luke xxiii. 41.And we with justice, and as we deserved, and according to our deed,36013601    Our deed might be read we have done, and perhaps our translator’s style would justify our writing as for to. have we been rewarded:  but this man hath not done anything unlawful.  [47] 36023602    Luke xxiii. 42.And he said unto Jesus, Remember me, my Lord, when thou comest in thy kingdom.  [48] 36033603    Luke xxiii. 43.Jesus said unto him, Verily36043604    Borg. ms. has Verily, verily. I say unto thee, To-day shalt thou be with me in Paradise.

[49] 36053605    John xix. 25.And there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother’s sister,36063606    A single word in Arabic. [50] Mary36073607    Vat. ms. has and Mary. that was related to Clopas, and Mary Magdalene.  36083608    John xix. 26.And Jesus saw his mother, and that disciple whom he loved standing by; and he said to his mother, [51] Woman, behold, thy son!  36093609    John xix. 27.And he said to that disciple, Behold, thy mother!  And from that hour that disciple took her unto himself.

[52] [Arabic, p. 196] 36103610    Matt. xxvii. 45a; Luke xxiii. 44b.And from the sixth hour36113611    Lit six hours and nine hours respectively. darkness was on all the land unto the ninth [53] hour,36123612    Lit six hours and nine hours respectively. and the sun became dark.  36133613    Luke xxiii. 45a; Mark xv. 34.And at the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice, and said, Yail, Yaili,36143614    In Vat. ms. the second word is like the first.  The syllable Ya doubtless is the Arabic interjection O! why hast thou forsaken me? which36153615    The Borg. ms. omits from which to me. is, My [54] God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?  36163616    Matt. xxvii. 47.And some of those that stood there, when they heard, said,36173617    Borg. ms. omits when they, and has and said. This man called Elijah.

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