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Section L.

[1] 34613461    Luke xxiii. 4.And Pilate said unto the chief priests and the multitude, I have not found [2] against this man anything.  34623462    Luke xxiii. 5.But they cried out and said, He hath disquieted34633463    Or, led astray (cf. § 25, 17, note). our people with his teaching in all Judæa, and he began34643464    cf. Syriac versions. from Galilee and unto this [3] place.  34653465    Luke xxiii. 6.And Pilate, when he heard the name of Galilee, asked, Is this man a Galilæan?  [4] 34663466    Luke xxiii. 7.And when he learned that he was under the jurisdiction of Herod, he sent him to Herod:  for he was in Jerusalem in those days.

[5] 34673467    Luke xxiii. 8.And Herod, when he saw Jesus, rejoiced exceedingly:  for he had desired to see him for a long time, because he had heard regarding him many things; and he counted on34683468    Same word as in § 10, 16 (see note there). [6] [Arabic, p. 189] seeing some sign from him.  34693469    Luke xxiii. 9.And he questioned him with many words; but [7] Jesus answered him not a word.  34703470    Luke xxiii. 10.And the scribes and chief priests were [8] standing by, and they accused him vehemently.  34713471    Luke xxiii. 11.And Herod scoffed at him, he and his servants; and when he had scoffed at him, he clothed him in robes of scarlet, [9] and sent him to Pilate.  34723472    Luke xxiii. 12.And on that day Pilate and Herod became friends, there having been34733473    Lit. and there was. enmity between them before that.

[10, 11] 34743474    Luke xxiii. 13.And Pilate called the chief priests and the rulers of the people, 34753475    Luke xxiii. 14.and said unto them, Ye brought unto me this man, as the perverter of your people:  and I have tried him before you, and have not found in this man any cause34763476    The Arabic word may also, like the Syriac, mean thing, but hardly, as that does here, fault or crime.  The Vat. ms., pointing differently, reads thing.  The same confusion occurs at § 40, 35 (cf. a converse case in § 25, 40). of all that ye [12] seek34773477    So Ciasca’s text, following the Borg. ms.  The Vat. ms. has plotted, which is nearer the Syriac accuse. against him:  34783478    Luke xxiii. 15.nor yet Herod:  for I sent him unto him; and he hath done [13] nothing for which he should deserve death.  34793479    Luke xxiii. 16.So now I will chastise him, and let [14, 15] him go.  34803480    Luke xxiii. 18a.The multitude all cried out and said, Take him from us, take him.  34813481    Mark xv. 3a.And [16] the chief priests and the elders accused him of many things.  34823482    Matt. xxvii. 12.And during their [17] accusation he answered not a word.  34833483    Matt. xxvii. 13.Then Pilate said unto him, Hearest thou not [18] how many things they witness against thee?  34843484    Matt. xxvii. 14.And he answered him not, not even one word:  and Pilate marvelled at that.

[19] 34853485    Matt. xxvii. 19.And when the judge sat on his tribune, his wife sent unto him, and said unto him, See that thou have nothing to do with that righteous man:  for I have suffered much in my dream34863486    See § 3, 12, note. to-day because of him.

[20] 34873487    Matt. xxvii. 15.And at every feast the custom of the judge was to release to the people one [21] prisoner, him whom they would.  34883488    Matt. xxvii. 16.And there was in their prison a well-known prisoner, [22, 23] called Barabbas.  34893489    Matt. xxvii. 17a.And when they assembled, Pilate said unto them, 34903490    John xviii. 39.Ye have a custom, that I should release unto you a prisoner at the passover:  will ye that I [24] release unto you the King of the Jews?  34913491    John xviii. 40.And they all cried out and said, Release not [Arabic, p. 190] unto us this man, but release unto us Barabbas.  And this Barabbas was a [25] robber, 34923492    Luke xxiii. 19.who for sedition34933493    Ciasca’s text, following the Vat. ms., has disorder.  Borg. ms. has division (cf. heresies, Curetonian of § 50, 37), which by addition of a diacritical point gives sedition; cf. § 50, 37 (Ciasca, following Vat. ms.), and Peshitta (both places). and murder, which was in the city, was cast into the 121[26] prison.  34943494    Mark xv. 8.And all the people cried out and began to ask him to do as the custom was [27] that he should do with them.  34953495    Mark xv. 9a; Matt. xxvii. 17b.And Pilate answered and said unto them, Whom will ye that I release unto you?  Barabbas, or Jesus which is called the Messiah, the [28] King of the Jews?  34963496    Matt. xxvii. 18.For Pilate knew that envy had moved them to deliver him up. [29] 34973497    Matt. xxvii. 20.And the chief priests and the elders asked the multitudes to deliver Barabbas, and [30] to destroy Jesus.  34983498    Matt. xxvii. 21.The judge answered and said unto them, Whom of the two will [31] ye that I release unto you?  They said, Barabbas.  34993499    Matt. xxvii. 22a.Pilate said unto them, And [32] Jesus which is called the Messiah, what shall I do with him?  35003500    Mark xv. 13.They all cried out [33] and said, Crucify him.  35013501    Luke xxiii. 20.And Pilate spake to them again, for he desired to release [34] Jesus; 35023502    Luke xxiii. 21.but they cried out and said, Crucify him, crucify him, and release unto us [35] Barabbas.  35033503    Luke xxiii. 22.And Pilate said unto them a third time, What evil hath this man done?  I have not found in him any cause35043504    Our translator has retained the Syriac word, which in this context means fault (see § 50, 11, note). to necessitate death:  I will chastise him and [36] let him go.  35053505    Luke xxiii. 23.But they increased in importunity35063506    The word used in Vat ms. means a repeated charge or attack.  That in Borg. ms. is probably used in the post-classical sense of importuning him.  Either word might be written by a copyist for the other.  The same double reading probably occurs again at § 53, 55. with a loud voice, and asked him to crucify him.  And their voice, and the voice of the chief priests, prevailed.  [37] 35073507    Mark xv. 15a; Luke xxiii. 25a.Then Pilate released unto them that one who was cast into prison for sedition and murder, Barabbas, whom they asked for:  35083508    Matt. xxvii. 26b.and he scourged Jesus with whips.35093509    cf. Syriac versions.

[38] 35103510    Matt. xxvii. 27.Then the footsoldiers of the judge took Jesus, and went into the prætorium, and [39] [Arabic, p. 191] gathered unto him all of the footsoldiers.  35113511    Matt. xxvii. 28.And they stripped him, and put on [40] him a scarlet cloak.  35123512    John xix. 2.And they clothed him in garments of purple, and plaited [41] a crown of thorns, and placed it on his head, and a reed in his right hand; 35133513    Matt. xxvii. 29b.and while they mocked at him and laughed, they fell down on their knees before him, and bowed [42] down to35143514    This may be a mere clerical error (very natural in Arabic) for scoffed at, the reading of the Syriac versions.  This being so, it is worthy of remark that the reading is apparently common to the two mss.  The Syriac words are, however, also somewhat similar.  The Jerusalem Lectionary has a word agreeing with the text above. him, and said, Hail,35153515    Lit. Peace. King of the Jews!  35163516    Matt. xxvii. 30.And they spat in his face, and took the reed from his hand, and struck him on his head, 35173517    John xix. 3b.and smote his cheeks.  [43] 35183518    John xix. 4.And Pilate went forth without again, and said unto the Jews, I bring him forth to [44] you, that ye may know that I do not find, in examining35193519    This reading may be a corruption of a very literal rendering of the Peshitta. him, even one crime.35203520    cf. § 50, 11.  35213521    John xix. 5.And Jesus went forth without, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple garments.  [45] 35223522    John xix. 6.Pilate said unto them, Behold, the man!  And when the chief priests and the soldiers35233523    cf. § 11, 11, note. saw him, they cried out and said, Crucify him, crucify him.  Pilate said unto them, Take him yourselves, and crucify him:  for I find not a cause35243524    See § 50, 35, note. against [46] him.  35253525    John xix. 7.The Jews said unto him, We have a law, and according to our law he deserves [47] death, because he made himself the Son of God.  35263526    John xix. 8.And when Pilate heard this word, [48] his fear increased; 35273527    John xix. 9.and he entered again into the porch, and said to Jesus, Whence [49] art thou?  35283528    John xix. 10.But Jesus answered him not a word.  Pilate said unto him, Speakest35293529    Borg. ms., Why speakest; a reading that might be a corruption of the Peshitta. thou not unto me? knowest thou not that I have authority to release thee, and have [50] authority to crucify thee?  35303530    John xix. 11.Jesus said unto him, Thou hast not any35313531    Lit. even one (Pesh.). authority over me, if thou wert not given it from above:  therefore the sin of him that delivered [51] me up unto thee is greater than thy sin.  35323532    John xix. 12.And for this word Pilate wished to release him:  but the Jews cried out, If thou let him go, thou art not a friend of Cæsar:  for every one that maketh himself a king is against Cæsar.

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