Works by Anonymous
Description: After the British Parliament passed the Toleration Act of 1698, which enabled religious
freedom and plurality throughout the land, churches independent from the Church of
England began publishing their doctrinal statements openly. The Baptist Confession of
Faith, drafted in 1677, outlines the views of the Particular Baptists, a Baptist subgroup
characterized by a Calvinist theology of salvation. The Confession helped the Particular
Baptists to unify and expand their church, especially in colonial America. Calvinistic
Baptists, including many Sovereign Grace Baptist, Southern Baptist, and Reformed
Baptist congregations, remain some of the most influential Christian communities in the
United States to this day.
Description: The original Book of Jasher referred to in the Old Testament has not survived into the present. Two creative fabrications gained prominence, however. This 1840 translation is of a 13th century reconstruction of the original, which, according to tradition, contained alternate accounts of Jewish heroes meant for moral instruction and edification. First published in Salt Lake City, the work has consequently sparked the particular interest of the Church of Latter-Day Saints.
CCEL Staff Writer
Description: In June of 1530, the leaders of the Protestant Reformation and the principalities of the Holy Roman Empire gathered in Augsburg to discuss religious convictions in an attempt by the Emperor, Charles V, to restore religious and political unity. This, however, was not achieved. The reformers presented what is now titled The Augsburg Confession, setting out their beliefs. Charles issued an official response to be written, refuting that which the Vatican did not uphold to be true. This document was the Confutatio Pontificia, primarily written by the theologian Johann Eck. Its composition brought about a response by the reformers called The Apology of the Augsburg Confession; this, along with the Confession itself, have become two of the primary documents of the Lutheran faith. The Confutatio is thus an important read for two reasons: it outlines much of the Roman Catholic faith, and gives us a clearer understanding of the Protestant Reformation and Lutheran Theology.
Laura de Jong
CCEL Staff Writer
Description: A compilation of devotional Scripture readings for morning and evening, arranged by themes, for every day of the year. Samuel Bagster is credited with writing and compiling most of the meditations, and his son published the book.
Description: John Owen was a famed Puritan theologian, who died on
August 24, 1683. This work here is merely an elegy and epitaph of John
CCEL Staff Writer
Description: In the Eastern Orthodox Church, the “General Menaion” refers to the annual fixed cycle
of liturgical services, including festival days and days commemorating the Orthodox
saints. This edition of the Russian Orthodox Menaion is a translation from the
sixteenth edition of the 1862 Slavonian General Menaion. This prayer book
can serve as an introduction to the services of the Eastern Orthodox Church as well as a
catalogue of venerated persons within the Church.
Description: With their movement rapidly gaining power, Protestant reformers knew they had to ensure that their followers could hold their ground in a volatile religious environment. In the mid-16th century, a German lord sympathetic to the movement commissioned the composition of a new Protestant Catechism for his territory. The resulting text—the Heidelberg Catechism—has served as a foundational document in Reformed Christianity ever since. In its current revised form, the Catechism consists of 129 questions and answers that fall under three main categories: the misery of man, the redemption of man, and the gratitude due from man.
Description: Authorized by the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States of America
Description: A short Life of John Flavel
A translation of the epitome from the German larger “Treasure of Prayers” [“Gebets-Schatz”] of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, published in St. Louis, Mo.; with a new appendix of festival prayers and hymns.
Description: The Scottish Confession of Faith, or the “Scots Confession,” appeared during the
Protestant Reformation in, of course, Scotland. Its group of six authors—all of whom
happened to share the first name “John”—included John Knox, one of Calvinism’s most
influential leaders. The Confession’s twenty-five chapters detail the Christian faith as
understood by contemporary followers of John Calvin. The Scottish Confession remained
the official Confession of the Church of Scotland until the Westminster Confession
replaced it in 1648.
Description: This contains the Scottish Psalter and Scripture Paraphrases, the primary hymnal of the Church of Scotland up through the 19th century.
Description: Although the author of this work is
unknown, it was discovered and published by Martin Luther
in 1516. Upon his discovery, Luther declared, "Next to the Bible and St.
Augustine, no book has ever come into my hands from which I have learnt
more of God and Christ, and man and all things that are." This book
encourages Christians to follow the path of Christ, abandoning the life
of selfishness, sin, and licentiousness. When we allow the divine light
of God to infiltrate our daily activities, God is able to guide our
wills with His perfect will. Theologia Germanica was written from
the Catholic tradition, but the author's insightful spiritual advice
speaks to Christians of all denominations. Indeed, this illuminating
work of Christian mysticism will aid those who earnestly seek to live a
CCEL Staff Writer
Description: This very concise article briefly details the life, ministry, and writings of the 18th century Scottish theologian, Thomas Boston.
Description: In 1643, one hundred and twenty-one Puritan clergymen met in Westminster Abbey
for the purpose of drafting official documents that would serve to reform the Church of
England. The Westminster Confession of Faith, an extended, systematic summary of
Reformed doctrine, was one of these documents. The Confession still serves as one of the
standard texts of the Church of Scotland, and it remains influential within Presbyterian
churches across the world. This version of the Westminster Confession of Faith is that
currently adopted by the Presbyterian Church in the United States (PCUS) and the United
Presbyterian Church in the United States of America (UPCUSA).
Description: The Westminster Larger Catechism summarizes Calvinist doctrine in the English
tradition. Whereas the Westminster Shorter Catechism was meant to be easier to read
and concise for beginners, the Larger Catechism is more exact and comprehensive.
It still serves as one of the standard texts of the Church of Scotland, and it remains
influential within Presbyterian churches across the world. Since its first publication, it has
undergone various amendments and adaptations.
Calvin College. Last modified on 10/17/18. Contact the CCEL.