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Psalm 93

The Majesty of God’s Rule

1

The Lord is king, he is robed in majesty;

the Lord is robed, he is girded with strength.

He has established the world; it shall never be moved;

2

your throne is established from of old;

you are from everlasting.

 

3

The floods have lifted up, O Lord,

the floods have lifted up their voice;

the floods lift up their roaring.

4

More majestic than the thunders of mighty waters,

more majestic than the waves of the sea,

majestic on high is the Lord!

 

5

Your decrees are very sure;

holiness befits your house,

O Lord, forevermore.

Psalm 94

God the Avenger of the Righteous

1

O Lord, you God of vengeance,

you God of vengeance, shine forth!

2

Rise up, O judge of the earth;

give to the proud what they deserve!

3

O Lord, how long shall the wicked,

how long shall the wicked exult?

 

4

They pour out their arrogant words;

all the evildoers boast.

5

They crush your people, O Lord,

and afflict your heritage.

6

They kill the widow and the stranger,

they murder the orphan,

7

and they say, “The Lord does not see;

the God of Jacob does not perceive.”

 

8

Understand, O dullest of the people;

fools, when will you be wise?

9

He who planted the ear, does he not hear?

He who formed the eye, does he not see?

10

He who disciplines the nations,

he who teaches knowledge to humankind,

does he not chastise?

11

The Lord knows our thoughts,

that they are but an empty breath.

 

12

Happy are those whom you discipline, O Lord,

and whom you teach out of your law,

13

giving them respite from days of trouble,

until a pit is dug for the wicked.

14

For the Lord will not forsake his people;

he will not abandon his heritage;

15

for justice will return to the righteous,

and all the upright in heart will follow it.

 

16

Who rises up for me against the wicked?

Who stands up for me against evildoers?

17

If the Lord had not been my help,

my soul would soon have lived in the land of silence.

18

When I thought, “My foot is slipping,”

your steadfast love, O Lord, held me up.

19

When the cares of my heart are many,

your consolations cheer my soul.

20

Can wicked rulers be allied with you,

those who contrive mischief by statute?

21

They band together against the life of the righteous,

and condemn the innocent to death.

22

But the Lord has become my stronghold,

and my God the rock of my refuge.

23

He will repay them for their iniquity

and wipe them out for their wickedness;

the Lord our God will wipe them out.

Psalm 95

A Call to Worship and Obedience

1

O come, let us sing to the Lord;

let us make a joyful noise to the rock of our salvation!

2

Let us come into his presence with thanksgiving;

let us make a joyful noise to him with songs of praise!

3

For the Lord is a great God,

and a great King above all gods.

4

In his hand are the depths of the earth;

the heights of the mountains are his also.

5

The sea is his, for he made it,

and the dry land, which his hands have formed.

 

6

O come, let us worship and bow down,

let us kneel before the Lord, our Maker!

7

For he is our God,

and we are the people of his pasture,

and the sheep of his hand.

 

O that today you would listen to his voice!

8

Do not harden your hearts, as at Meribah,

as on the day at Massah in the wilderness,

9

when your ancestors tested me,

and put me to the proof, though they had seen my work.

10

For forty years I loathed that generation

and said, “They are a people whose hearts go astray,

and they do not regard my ways.”

11

Therefore in my anger I swore,

“They shall not enter my rest.”

Psalm 96

Praise to God Who Comes in Judgment

1

O sing to the Lord a new song;

sing to the Lord, all the earth.

2

Sing to the Lord, bless his name;

tell of his salvation from day to day.

3

Declare his glory among the nations,

his marvelous works among all the peoples.

4

For great is the Lord, and greatly to be praised;

he is to be revered above all gods.

5

For all the gods of the peoples are idols,

but the Lord made the heavens.

6

Honor and majesty are before him;

strength and beauty are in his sanctuary.

 

7

Ascribe to the Lord, O families of the peoples,

ascribe to the Lord glory and strength.

8

Ascribe to the Lord the glory due his name;

bring an offering, and come into his courts.

9

Worship the Lord in holy splendor;

tremble before him, all the earth.

 

10

Say among the nations, “The Lord is king!

The world is firmly established; it shall never be moved.

He will judge the peoples with equity.”

11

Let the heavens be glad, and let the earth rejoice;

let the sea roar, and all that fills it;

12

let the field exult, and everything in it.

Then shall all the trees of the forest sing for joy

13

before the Lord; for he is coming,

for he is coming to judge the earth.

He will judge the world with righteousness,

and the peoples with his truth.

Psalm 97

The Glory of God’s Reign

1

The Lord is king! Let the earth rejoice;

let the many coastlands be glad!

2

Clouds and thick darkness are all around him;

righteousness and justice are the foundation of his throne.

3

Fire goes before him,

and consumes his adversaries on every side.

4

His lightnings light up the world;

the earth sees and trembles.

5

The mountains melt like wax before the Lord,

before the Lord of all the earth.

 

6

The heavens proclaim his righteousness;

and all the peoples behold his glory.

7

All worshipers of images are put to shame,

those who make their boast in worthless idols;

all gods bow down before him.

8

Zion hears and is glad,

and the towns of Judah rejoice,

because of your judgments, O God.

9

For you, O Lord, are most high over all the earth;

you are exalted far above all gods.

 

10

The Lord loves those who hate evil;

he guards the lives of his faithful;

he rescues them from the hand of the wicked.

11

Light dawns for the righteous,

and joy for the upright in heart.

12

Rejoice in the Lord, O you righteous,

and give thanks to his holy name!

Psalm 98

Praise the Judge of the World

A Psalm.

1

O sing to the Lord a new song,

for he has done marvelous things.

His right hand and his holy arm

have gotten him victory.

2

The Lord has made known his victory;

he has revealed his vindication in the sight of the nations.

3

He has remembered his steadfast love and faithfulness

to the house of Israel.

All the ends of the earth have seen

the victory of our God.

 

4

Make a joyful noise to the Lord, all the earth;

break forth into joyous song and sing praises.

5

Sing praises to the Lord with the lyre,

with the lyre and the sound of melody.

6

With trumpets and the sound of the horn

make a joyful noise before the King, the Lord.

 

7

Let the sea roar, and all that fills it;

the world and those who live in it.

8

Let the floods clap their hands;

let the hills sing together for joy

9

at the presence of the Lord, for he is coming

to judge the earth.

He will judge the world with righteousness,

and the peoples with equity.

Psalm 99

Praise to God for His Holiness

1

The Lord is king; let the peoples tremble!

He sits enthroned upon the cherubim; let the earth quake!

2

The Lord is great in Zion;

he is exalted over all the peoples.

3

Let them praise your great and awesome name.

Holy is he!

4

Mighty King, lover of justice,

you have established equity;

you have executed justice

and righteousness in Jacob.

5

Extol the Lord our God;

worship at his footstool.

Holy is he!

 

6

Moses and Aaron were among his priests,

Samuel also was among those who called on his name.

They cried to the Lord, and he answered them.

7

He spoke to them in the pillar of cloud;

they kept his decrees,

and the statutes that he gave them.

 

8

O Lord our God, you answered them;

you were a forgiving God to them,

but an avenger of their wrongdoings.

9

Extol the Lord our God,

and worship at his holy mountain;

for the Lord our God is holy.


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Ps 93:1-5. This and the six following Psalms were applied by the Jews to the times of the Messiah. The theme is God's supremacy in creation and providence.

1. God is described as a King entering on His reign, and, for robes of royalty, investing Himself with the glorious attributes of His nature. The result of His thus reigning is the durability of the world.

2-4. His underived power exceeds the most sublime exhibitions of the most powerful objects in nature (Ps 89:9).

5. While His power inspires dread, His revealed will should secure our confidence (compare Ps 19:7; 25:10), and thus fear and love combined, producing all holy emotions, should distinguish the worship we offer in His house, both earthly and heavenly.

Ps 94:1-23. The writer, appealing to God in view of the oppression of enemies, rebukes them for their wickedness and folly, and encourages himself, in the confidence that God will punish evildoers, and favor His people.

1, 2. God's revenge is His judicial infliction of righteous punishment.

show thyself—(Compare Margin).

2. Lift up thyself—or, "Arise," both figures representing God as heretofore indifferent (compare Ps 3:7; 22:16, 20).

3, 4. In an earnest expostulation he expresses his desire that the insolent triumph of the wicked may be ended.

5, 6. thy people [and] thine heritage—are synonymous, the people being often called God's heritage. As justice to the weak is a sign of the best government, their oppression is a sign of the worst (De 10:18; Isa 10:2).

7. Their cruelty is only exceeded by their wicked and absurd presumption (Ps 10:11; 59:7).

8. ye brutish—(Compare Ps 73:22; 92:6).

9-11. The evidence of God's providential government is found in His creative power and omniscience, which also assure us that He can punish the wicked in regard to all their vain purposes.

12, 13. On the other hand He favors though He chastens, the pious, and will teach and preserve them till the prosperous wicked are overthrown.

14, 15. This results from His abiding love (De 32:15), which is further evinced by His restoring order in His government, whose right administration will be approved by the good.

16. These questions imply that none other than God will help (Ps 60:9),

17-19. a fact fully confirmed by his past experience.

dwelt in silence—as in the grave (Ps 31:17).

19. my thoughts—or, anxious cares.

20. throne—power, rulers.

iniquity [and] mischief—both denote evils done to others, as Ps 94:21 explains.

22, 23. Yet he is safe in God's care.

defence—(Ps 59:9).

rock of … refuge—(Ps 9:9; 18:2).

23. bring … iniquity—(Compare Ps 5:10; 7:16).

in their … wickedness—while they are engaged in evil doing.

Ps 95:1-11. David (Heb 4:7) exhorts men to praise God for His greatness, and warns them, in God's words, against neglecting His service.

1. The terms used to express the highest kind of joy.

rock—a firm basis, giving certainty of salvation (Ps 62:7).

2. come … presence—literally, "approach," or, meet Him (Ps 17:13).

3. above … gods—esteemed such by men, though really nothing (Jer 5:7; 10:10-15).

4, 5. The terms used describe the world in its whole extent, subject to God.

6. come—or, "enter," with solemn forms, as well as hearts.

7. This relation illustrates our entire dependence (compare Ps 23:3; 74:1). The last clause is united by Paul (Heb 3:7) to the following (compare Ps 81:8),

8-11. warning against neglect; and this is sustained by citing the melancholy fate of their rebellious ancestors, whose provoking insolence is described by quoting the language of God's complaint (Nu 14:11) of their conduct at Meribah and Massah, names given (Ex 17:7) to commemorate their strife and contention with Him (Ps 78:18, 41).

10. err in their heart—Their wanderings in the desert were but types of their innate ignorance and perverseness.

that they should not—literally, "if they," &c., part of the form of swearing (compare Nu 14:30; Ps 89:35).

Ps 96:1-13. The substance of this Psalm, and portions of the ninety-seventh, ninety-eighth, and hundredth, are found in 1Ch 16:7-36, which was used by David's directions in the dedication of the tabernacle on Mount Zion. The dispensation of the Messiah was typified by that event, involving, as it did, a more permanent seat of worship, and the introduction of additional and more spiritual services. Hence the language of these Psalms may be regarded as having a higher import than that pertinent to the occasion on which it was thus publicly used.

1-3. All nations are invited to unite in this most joyful praise.

new song—literally, "fresh," or new mercies (Ps 33:3; 40:3).

2. show forth—literally, "declare joyful tidings."

salvation—illustrates His glory in its wonders of love and mercy.

4, 5. For He is not a local God, but of universal agency, while idols are nothing.

6. Honour and majesty—are His attendants, declared in His mighty works, while power and grace are specially seen in His spiritual relations to His people.

7-9. Give—or, "ascribe" (Ps 29:1) due honor to Him, by acts of appointed and solemn worship in His house.

8. offering—of thanks.

9. beauty of holiness—(Ps 29:2).

fear … him—(Ps 2:11).

10. Let all know that the government of the world is ordered in justice, and they shall enjoy firm and lasting peace (compare Ps 72:3, 7; Isa 9:6, 7).

11-13. For which reason the universe is invoked to unite in joy, and even inanimate nature (Ro 8:14-22) is poetically represented as capable of joining in the anthem of praise.

Ps 97:1-12. The writer celebrates the Lord's dominion over nations and nature, describes its effect on foes and friends, and exhorts and encourages the latter.

1, 2. This dominion is a cause of joy, because, even though our minds are oppressed with terror before the throne of the King of kings (Ex 19:16; De 5:22), we know it is based on righteous principles and judgments which are according to truth.

3-5. The attending illustrations of God's awful justice on enemies (Ps 83:14) are seen in the disclosures of His almighty power on the elements of nature (compare Ps 46:2; 77:17; Hab 3:6, &c.).

6. heavens—or, their inhabitants (Ps 50:6), as opposed to "nations" in the latter clause (compare Isa 40:5; 66:18).

7. Idolaters are utterly put to shame, for if angels must worship Him, how much more those who worshipped them.

all ye gods—literally, "all ye angels" (Ps 8:5; 138:1; Heb 1:6; 2:7). Paul quotes, not as a prophecy, but as language used in regard to the Lord Jehovah, who in the Old Testament theophania is the second person of the Godhead.

8, 9. The exaltation of Zion's king is joy to the righteous and sorrow to the wicked.

daughters of Judah—(Compare Ps 48:11).

9. above all gods—(Ps 95:3).

10-12. Let gratitude for the blessings of providence and grace incite saints (Ps 4:3) to holy living. Spiritual blessings are in store, represented by light (Ps 27:1) and gladness.

11. sown—to spring forth abundantly for such, who alone can and well may rejoice in the holy government of their sovereign Lord (compare Ps 30:4; 32:11).

Ps 98:1-9. In view of the wonders of grace and righteousness displayed in God's salvation, the whole creation is invited to unite in praise.

1. gotten … victory—literally, "made salvation," enabled Him to save His people.

right hand, and … arm—denote power.

holy arm—or, "arm of holiness," the power of His united moral perfections (Ps 22:3; 32:11).

2. salvation—the result of His righteousness (Ps 7:17; 31:1), and both are publicly displayed.

3. The union of mercy and truth (Ps 57:3; 85:10) secure the blessings of the promise (Ge 12:3; 18:18) to all the world (Isa 52:10).

4-6. make a loud noise—or, "burst forth" (Isa 14:7; 44:23).

before … King—hail Him as your sovereign; and while, with every aid to demonstrate zeal and joy, intelligent creatures are invited to praise, as in Ps 96:11-13, inanimate nature is also summoned to honor Him who triumphs and rules in righteousness and equity.

Ps 99:1-9. God's government is especially exercised in and for His Church, which should praise Him for His gracious dealings.

1. sitteth … cherubim—(compare 1Sa 4:4; Ps 80:1).

tremble … be moved—inspired with fear by His judgments on the wicked.

2. great in Zion—where He dwells (Ps 9:11).

3. thy … name—perfections of justice, power, &c.

great and terrible name—producing dread (De 10:17), and to be praised by those over whom He is exalted (Ps 97:9).

it is holy—or, "He is holy" (Ps 99:5, 9; Isa 6:3).

4, 5. To His wise and righteous government all nations should render honor.

king's … judgment—His power is combined with justice.

he is holy—(compare Ps 22:3).

6-8. The experience of these servants of God is cited for encouragement.

among … priests, among … upon the Lord [and] He spake … pillar—may be referred to all three (compare Ex 18:19; Le 8:15; De 5:5; 1Sa 9:13).

7. cloudy pillar—the medium of divine intercourse (Ex 33:9; Nu 12:5). Obedience was united with worship. God answered them as intercessors for the people, who, though forgiven, were yet chastened (Ex 32:10, 34).




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