World Wide Study Bible

Study

a Bible passage

Click a verse to see commentary

Psalm 69

Prayer for Deliverance from Persecution

To the leader: according to Lilies. Of David.

1

Save me, O God,

for the waters have come up to my neck.

2

I sink in deep mire,

where there is no foothold;

I have come into deep waters,

and the flood sweeps over me.

3

I am weary with my crying;

my throat is parched.

My eyes grow dim

with waiting for my God.

 

4

More in number than the hairs of my head

are those who hate me without cause;

many are those who would destroy me,

my enemies who accuse me falsely.

What I did not steal

must I now restore?

5

O God, you know my folly;

the wrongs I have done are not hidden from you.

 

6

Do not let those who hope in you be put to shame because of me,

O Lord God of hosts;

do not let those who seek you be dishonored because of me,

O God of Israel.

7

It is for your sake that I have borne reproach,

that shame has covered my face.

8

I have become a stranger to my kindred,

an alien to my mother’s children.

 

9

It is zeal for your house that has consumed me;

the insults of those who insult you have fallen on me.

10

When I humbled my soul with fasting,

they insulted me for doing so.

11

When I made sackcloth my clothing,

I became a byword to them.

12

I am the subject of gossip for those who sit in the gate,

and the drunkards make songs about me.

 

13

But as for me, my prayer is to you, O Lord.

At an acceptable time, O God,

in the abundance of your steadfast love, answer me.

With your faithful help 14rescue me

from sinking in the mire;

let me be delivered from my enemies

and from the deep waters.

15

Do not let the flood sweep over me,

or the deep swallow me up,

or the Pit close its mouth over me.

 

16

Answer me, O Lord, for your steadfast love is good;

according to your abundant mercy, turn to me.

17

Do not hide your face from your servant,

for I am in distress—make haste to answer me.

18

Draw near to me, redeem me,

set me free because of my enemies.

 

19

You know the insults I receive,

and my shame and dishonor;

my foes are all known to you.

20

Insults have broken my heart,

so that I am in despair.

I looked for pity, but there was none;

and for comforters, but I found none.

21

They gave me poison for food,

and for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

 

22

Let their table be a trap for them,

a snare for their allies.

23

Let their eyes be darkened so that they cannot see,

and make their loins tremble continually.

24

Pour out your indignation upon them,

and let your burning anger overtake them.

25

May their camp be a desolation;

let no one live in their tents.

26

For they persecute those whom you have struck down,

and those whom you have wounded, they attack still more.

27

Add guilt to their guilt;

may they have no acquittal from you.

28

Let them be blotted out of the book of the living;

let them not be enrolled among the righteous.

29

But I am lowly and in pain;

let your salvation, O God, protect me.

 

30

I will praise the name of God with a song;

I will magnify him with thanksgiving.

31

This will please the Lord more than an ox

or a bull with horns and hoofs.

32

Let the oppressed see it and be glad;

you who seek God, let your hearts revive.

33

For the Lord hears the needy,

and does not despise his own that are in bonds.

 

34

Let heaven and earth praise him,

the seas and everything that moves in them.

35

For God will save Zion

and rebuild the cities of Judah;

and his servants shall live there and possess it;

36

the children of his servants shall inherit it,

and those who love his name shall live in it.


Select a resource above

Ps 69:1-36. Upon Shoshannim—(See on Ps 45:1, title). Mingling the language of prayer and complaint, the sufferer, whose condition is here set forth, pleads for God's help as one suffering in His cause, implores the divine retribution on his malicious enemies, and, viewing his deliverance as sure, promises praise by himself, and others, to whom God will extend like blessings. This Psalm is referred to seven times in the New Testament as prophetical of Christ and the gospel times. Although the character in which the Psalmist appears to some in Ps 69:5 is that of a sinner, yet his condition as a sufferer innocent of alleged crimes sustains the typical character of the composition, and it may be therefore regarded throughout, as the twenty-second, as typically expressive of the feelings of our Saviour in the flesh.

1, 2. (Compare Ps 40:2).

come in unto my soul—literally, "come even to my soul," endanger my life by drowning (Jon 2:5).

3. (Compare Ps 6:6).

mine eyes fail—in watching (Ps 119:82).

4. hate me, &c.—(Compare Joh 15:25). On the number and power of his enemies (compare Ps 40:12).

then I restored … away—that is, he suffered wrongfully under the imputation of robbery.

5. This may be regarded as an appeal, vindicating his innocence, as if he had said, "If sinful, thou knowest," &c. Though David's condition as a sufferer may typify Christ's, without requiring that a parallel be found in character.

6. for my sake—literally, "in me," in my confusion and shame.

7-12. This plea contemplates his relation to God as a sufferer in His cause. Reproach, domestic estrangement (Mr 3:21; Joh 7:5), exhaustion in God's service (Joh 2:17), revilings and taunts of base men were the sufferings.

10. wept (and chastened) my soul—literally, "wept away my soul," a strongly figurative description of deep grief.

12. sit in the gate—public place (Pr 31:31).

13-15. With increasing reliance on God, he prays for help, describing his distress in the figures of Ps 69:1, 2.

16-18. These earnest terms are often used, and the address to God, as indifferent or averse, is found in Ps 3:7; 22:24; 27:9, &c.

19, 20. Calling God to witness his distress, he presents its aggravation produced by the want of sympathizing friends (compare Isa 63:5; Mr 14:50).

21. Instead of such, his enemies increase his pain by giving him most distasteful food and drink. The Psalmist may have thus described by figure what Christ found in reality (compare Joh 19:29, 30).

22, 23. With unimportant verbal changes, this language is used by Paul to describe the rejection of the Jews who refused to receive the Saviour (Ro 11:9, 10). The purport of the figures used is that blessings shall become curses, the "table" of joy (as one of food) a "snare," their

welfare—literally, "peaceful condition," or security, a "trap." Darkened eyes and failing strength complete the picture of the ruin falling on them under the invoked retribution.

23. continually to shake—literally, "to swerve" or bend in weakness.

24, 25. An utter desolation awaits them. They will not only be driven from their homes, but their homes—or, literally, "palaces," indicative of wealth—shall be desolate (compare Mt 23:38).

26. Though smitten of God (Isa 53:4), men were not less guilty in persecuting the sufferer (Ac 2:23).

talk to the grief—in respect to, about it, implying derision and taunts.

wounded—or, literally, "mortally wounded."

27, 28. iniquity—or, "punishment of iniquity" (Ps 40:12).

come … righteousness—partake of its benefits.

28. book of the living—or "life," with the next clause, a figurative mode of representing those saved, as having their names in a register (compare Ex 32:32; Isa 4:3).

29. poor and sorrowful—the afflicted pious, often denoted by such terms (compare Ps 10:17; 12:5).

set me … high—out of danger.

30, 31. Spiritual are better than mere material offerings (Ps 40:6; 50:8); hence a promise of the former, and rather contemptuous terms are used of the latter.

32, 33. Others shall rejoice. "Humble" and poor, as in Ps 69:29.

your heart, &c.—address to such (compare Ps 22:26).

33. prisoners—peculiarly liable to be despised.

34-36. The call on the universe for praise is well sustained by the prediction of the perpetual and extended blessings which shall come upon the covenant-people of God. Though, as usual, the imagery is taken from terms used of Palestine, the whole tenor of the context indicates that the spiritual privileges and blessings of the Church are meant.




Advertisements