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Psalm 40

Thanksgiving for Deliverance and Prayer for Help

To the leader. Of David. A Psalm.


I waited patiently for the L ord;

he inclined to me and heard my cry.


He drew me up from the desolate pit,

out of the miry bog,

and set my feet upon a rock,

making my steps secure.


He put a new song in my mouth,

a song of praise to our God.

Many will see and fear,

and put their trust in the L ord.



Happy are those who make

the L ord their trust,

who do not turn to the proud,

to those who go astray after false gods.


You have multiplied, O L ord my God,

your wondrous deeds and your thoughts toward us;

none can compare with you.

Were I to proclaim and tell of them,

they would be more than can be counted.



Sacrifice and offering you do not desire,

but you have given me an open ear.

Burnt offering and sin offering

you have not required.


Then I said, “Here I am;

in the scroll of the book it is written of me.


I delight to do your will, O my God;

your law is within my heart.”



I have told the glad news of deliverance

in the great congregation;

see, I have not restrained my lips,

as you know, O L ord.


I have not hidden your saving help within my heart,

I have spoken of your faithfulness and your salvation;

I have not concealed your steadfast love and your faithfulness

from the great congregation.



Do not, O L ord, withhold

your mercy from me;

let your steadfast love and your faithfulness

keep me safe forever.


For evils have encompassed me

without number;

my iniquities have overtaken me,

until I cannot see;

they are more than the hairs of my head,

and my heart fails me.



Be pleased, O L ord, to deliver me;

O L ord, make haste to help me.


Let all those be put to shame and confusion

who seek to snatch away my life;

let those be turned back and brought to dishonor

who desire my hurt.


Let those be appalled because of their shame

who say to me, “Aha, Aha!”



But may all who seek you

rejoice and be glad in you;

may those who love your salvation

say continually, “Great is the L ord!”


As for me, I am poor and needy,

but the Lord takes thought for me.

You are my help and my deliverer;

do not delay, O my God.

10 I have not hidden thy righteousness within my heart. Here it is necessary to observe the accumulation of terms which are employed to denote the same thing. To the righteousness of God the Psalmist adds his truth, his salvation, and his mercy. And what is the design of this, but to magnify and set forth the goodness of God by many terms or expressions of praise? We must, however, notice in what respects these terms differ; for in this way we may be able to ascertain in what respects they apply to the deliverance of which David here discourses. If these four things should be taken in their proper order, mercy will hold the first place, as it is that by which alone God is induced to vouchsafe, to regard us. His righteousness is the protection by which he constantly defends his own people, and the goodness by which, as we have already said elsewhere, he preserves them. And, lest any should doubt that it will flow in a constant and uninterrupted course, David adds in the third place truth; by which we are taught that God continues always the same, and is never wearied of helping us, nor at any time withdraws his hand. There is, at the same time, implied in this an exhibition of the promises; for no man will ever rightly take hold of the righteousness of God but he who embraces it as it is offered and held forth in the Word. Salvation is the effect of righteousness, for God continues to manifest his free favor to his people, daily affording them aid and assistance, until he has completely saved them.

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