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Job Replies: I Know That My Redeemer Lives


Then Job answered:


“How long will you torment me,

and break me in pieces with words?


These ten times you have cast reproach upon me;

are you not ashamed to wrong me?


And even if it is true that I have erred,

my error remains with me.


If indeed you magnify yourselves against me,

and make my humiliation an argument against me,


know then that God has put me in the wrong,

and closed his net around me.


Even when I cry out, ‘Violence!’ I am not answered;

I call aloud, but there is no justice.


He has walled up my way so that I cannot pass,

and he has set darkness upon my paths.


He has stripped my glory from me,

and taken the crown from my head.


He breaks me down on every side, and I am gone,

he has uprooted my hope like a tree.


He has kindled his wrath against me,

and counts me as his adversary.


His troops come on together;

they have thrown up siegeworks against me,

and encamp around my tent.



“He has put my family far from me,

and my acquaintances are wholly estranged from me.


My relatives and my close friends have failed me;


the guests in my house have forgotten me;

my serving girls count me as a stranger;

I have become an alien in their eyes.


I call to my servant, but he gives me no answer;

I must myself plead with him.


My breath is repulsive to my wife;

I am loathsome to my own family.


Even young children despise me;

when I rise, they talk against me.


All my intimate friends abhor me,

and those whom I loved have turned against me.


My bones cling to my skin and to my flesh,

and I have escaped by the skin of my teeth.


Have pity on me, have pity on me, O you my friends,

for the hand of God has touched me!


Why do you, like God, pursue me,

never satisfied with my flesh?



“O that my words were written down!

O that they were inscribed in a book!


O that with an iron pen and with lead

they were engraved on a rock forever!


For I know that my Redeemer lives,

and that at the last he will stand upon the earth;


and after my skin has been thus destroyed,

then in my flesh I shall see God,


whom I shall see on my side,

and my eyes shall behold, and not another.

My heart faints within me!


If you say, ‘How we will persecute him!’

and, ‘The root of the matter is found in him’;


be afraid of the sword,

for wrath brings the punishment of the sword,

so that you may know there is a judgment.”


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Verses 1–7

Job's friends blamed him as a wicked man, because he was so afflicted; here he describes their unkindness, showing that what they condemned was capable of excuse. Harsh language from friends, greatly adds to the weight of afflictions: yet it is best not to lay it to heart, lest we harbour resentment. Rather let us look to Him who endured the contradiction of sinners against himself, and was treated with far more cruelty than Job was, or we can be. (Job 19:8-22)

Verses 8–22

How doleful are Job's complaints! What is the fire of hell but the wrath of God! Seared consciences will feel it hereafter, but do not fear it now: enlightened consciences fear it now, but shall not feel it hereafter. It is a very common mistake to think that those whom God afflicts he treats as his enemies. Every creature is that to us which God makes it to be; yet this does not excuse Job's relations and friends. How uncertain is the friendship of men! but if God be our Friend, he will not fail us in time of need. What little reason we have to indulge the body, which, after all our care, is consumed by diseases it has in itself. Job recommends himself to the compassion of his friends, and justly blames their harshness. It is very distressing to one who loves God, to be bereaved at once of outward comfort and of inward consolation; yet if this, and more, come upon a believer, it does not weaken the proof of his being a child of God and heir of glory.

Verses 23–29

The Spirit of God, at this time, seems to have powerfully wrought on the mind of Job. Here he witnessed a good confession; declared the soundness of his faith, and the assurance of his hope. Here is much of Christ and heaven; and he that said such things are these, declared plainly that he sought the better country, that is, the heavenly. Job was taught of God to believe in a living Redeemer; to look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come; he comforted himself with the expectation of these. Job was assured, that this Redeemer of sinners from the yoke of Satan and the condemnation of sin, was his Redeemer, and expected salvation through him; and that he was a living Redeemer, though not yet come in the flesh; and that at the last day he would appear as the Judge of the world, to raise the dead, and complete the redemption of his people. With what pleasure holy Job enlarges upon this! May these faithful sayings be engraved by the Holy Spirit upon our hearts. We are all concerned to see that the root of the matter be in us. A living, quickening, commanding principle of grace in the heart, is the root of the matter; as necessary to our religion as the root of the tree, to which it owes both its fixedness and its fruitfulness. Job and his friends differed concerning the methods of Providence, but they agreed in the root of the matter, the belief of another world.