PICTET, pîc"tę', BENEDICT: Swiss Reformed; b. at Geneva May 30, 1655; d. there June 10, 1724. After receiving his education in the university of his native city, he made an extensive tour of Europe, after which he assumed pastoral duties at Geneva, and in 1686 was appointed professor of theology. In the domain of systematic theology, Pictet published two great works: Theologia Christiana (3 vols., Geneva, 1696; Eng. transl., Christian Theology, London, 1834) and Morale chrétienne (2 vols., 1692), in which he sought to revive the old and somewhat stagnating orthodox theology, though he was unable to prevent the Genevan "Company of
BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. de Budč, Vie de Benedict Pictet, Lausanne, 1874; J. Gabriel, Hist. de 1'église de Genéve, vol. iii., Geneva, 1882; C. Borgeaud, Hist. de l'univsrite de Genéve, ib. 1900; Lichtenberger, ESR, x. 599-600.
PICTURES, MIRACULOUS: Certain pictures or images believed by the Roman Catholic Church to confer special graces upon those who look at them, on the intercession of the saint represented in them, and on condition of more or less subjective Bus! on the part of the beholder. Among these graces are recovery from illness, discovery of secrets, inspiration to good works, and the like. The popular notion ascribes miraculous powers to the pictures themselves; but theologians take pains to explain that God alone is the wonder-worker, and the picture only the locality and occasion of the miracle, by means of the intercession of the saint, or sometimes the means by which the miracle is worked, as in cases where the image is supposed to speak, to weep, or to open and close its eyes.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Council of Trent, session XXV., Latin and English in Schaff, Creeds, ii. 199-205; M. Chemnits, Examinis concilii O Tridentini ... Opus, Frankfort, 1585-1573, reprint, ed. Preuse, Berlin, 1881, Eng. transl., London, 1582; J. Marx, Das Wallfahren in der katholischen Kirche, Tréves, 1842.
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