LINUS: The immediate successor of St. Peter according to all lists of Roman bishops, although the duration of his office is very uncertain. In his church history, Eusebius counts twelve years, but fourteen in his chronicle; the Catalogus Liberianus assigns him twelve years, four months and twelve days, and Jerome eleven years. The date of the beginning of his pontificate is also differently fixed according to the varying calculations of the death of St. Peter. As the Roman Church knew nothing about an episcopal constitution in the beginning of the second century, Linus, if he actually existed, was simply a presbyter of the Church, but when, to combat heresies, a continuous succession of bishops was assumed from the Apostle Peter, he was made a bishop in the later sense, and identified with the Linus of II Tim. iv. 21. His alleged epitaph is generally recognized as possessing no historic value.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: R. A. Lipsius, Die Papstverzeichnisse des Eusebius und der von ihm abhängigen Chronisten, Kiel, 1869; idem, Chronologie der römischen Bischöfe, ib. 1869; J. B. Lightfoot, Apostolic Fathers, part I., S. Clement of Rome, i. 201 sqq., London, 1890; Harnack, in Sitzungsberichte der Berliner Akademie, 1892; idem, Litteratur, ii. 1, pp. 70 sqq.; Bower, Popes, i. 4-5; DCB, iii. 726-729.
LINZ, lints, PEACE OF: A treaty concluded Dec. 16, 1645, at Linz (98 m. w. of Vienna) between the Emperor Ferdinand III., as king of Hungary, and George Rakoczy, prince of Transylvania. It is important as forming one of the legal bases of the Evangelical Church in Hungary. The Protestant Rakoczy, who aimed to secure the Hungarian throne, formed an offensive and defensive alliance with Sweden and France in Apr., 1643, against Ferdinand, and was aided by the Sublime Porte, of which he was a vassal. Alleging the grievances of his countrymen and especially the oppression of the
BIBLIOGRAPHY: I. Katona, Historia critica regum Hungariæ, xxii. 232 sqq., 42 vols., Budapest, 1779-1817; J. Dumont, Corps universal diplomatique du droit des gens, vi. 1, pp. 331 sqq., 8 vols., The Hague, 1726-31; J. Mailath, Die Religionswirren in Ungarn, i. 30 sqq., Regensburg, 1845; Geschichte der evangelischen Kirche in Ungarn, pp. 199 sqq., Berlin, 1854; Szilagyi, Actes et documents pour servir à l'histoire de l'alliance de G. Racoczi avec lea Français el les Suédois, Budapest, 1874; S. Linberger, Geschichte des Evangeliums in Ungarn, pp. 57 sqq., ib. 1880.
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