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KIST, NICOLAAS CHRISTIAN: Dutch theologian; b. at Bommel (25 m. e. of Dort) Apr. 11, 1793; d. at Leyden Dec. 21, 1859. After completing his theological education at Utrecht, he served for five years as pastor at Zoelen, but in 1823 was appointed professor of historical theology at Leyden, where he spent the remainder of his life. His chief works were De Christelijke Kerk op aarde (Haarlem, 1830); Nederlands bededagen en biddagsbrieven (2 vols., Leyden, 1848-49); and Orationes quae ecclesiae reique Christianae spectant historiam quattuor (1853). He likewise collaborated with H. J. Roijaards in establishing and editing the Archief voor kerkelijke geschiedenis and its immediate continuations under similar names (22 vols., Leyden, and Schiedam, 1829-54), and with W. Moll in founding and editing the Kerkhistorisch archief (4 vols., Amsterdam, 1855-66).

(C. SEPP.)

KITCHIN, GEORGE WILLIAM: Church of England; b. at Naughton Rectory, Ipswich (23 m. s.e. of Bury St. Edmunds), Suffolk, Dec. 7, 1827. He studied at Christ Church, Oxford (B.A., 1850; M.A., 1852), and was ordered deacon in 1852 and ordained priest in 1859. He was classical tutor of his college, censor and junior proctor, chaplain to the bishop of Chester (1871-72), tutor of the crown prince of Denmark, censor of non-collegiate students in the University of Oxford (1868-83), and lecturer and tutor in history in Christ Church (1870--83). In 1883 he became dean of Winchester, and in 1894 dean of Durham and warden of the University of Durham. He was select preacher at Oxford 1863-1864, Whitehall preacher 1866-67, commissary to the bishop of Gibraltar 1874-1904, and is an honorary fellow of King's College, London, and an honorary student of Christ Church. In theology he is a moderate liberal. His publications include: Bacon's Novum Organum (2 vols., Oxford, 1855); Bacon's Advancement of Learning (London, 1860); Catalogue of Manuscripts in the Library of Christ Church, Oxford (Oxford, 1867); A History of France (3 vols., 1873-77); Life of Pope Pius II. (1881); Winchester Cathedral Records (2 vols., Winchester, 1886); Documents Relating to the Foundation of the Chapter of Winchester, A.D. 1541-1547 (London, 1889); Winchester (1890); Rolls of the Obedientaries of St. Swithin's Priory, A.D. 1309-1534 (Winchester, 1895); The Manor of Marydown, Hampshire (1895); Edward Harold Browne, Bishop of Winchester: A Memoir (London, 1895); and Ruskin in Oxford, and other Studies(1904).

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