The study of truth commended. God must be feared, honored, and trusted,
and filial submission, under chastisement, exhibited. The excellence of
wisdom urged and illustrated by its place in the divine counsels. Piety
enforced by a contrast of the destiny of the righteous and the
1. law [and] commandments—all
divine instructions (see on Ps 119:1 and Ps 119:4).
let thine heart keep—or sincerely
observe (Pr 4:13; 5:2).
2. length … life—often promised as
blessings (Ps 21:4; 91:16).
peace—includes prosperity (Ps 125:5).
add—abound to thee.
3. mercy and truth—God's faithfulness to
His promises is often expressed by these terms (Ps 25:10;
57:3). As attributes of men,
they express integrity in a wide sense (Pr 16:6; 20:28).
bind … write …
heart—outwardly adorn and inwardly govern motives.
4. favour—grace, amiability (Pr 22:11;
Ps 45:2); united with
a good understanding—(Compare
Margin), a discrimination, which secures success.
in the sight … man—such as God
and man approve.
5. Trust … heart—This is the
center and marrow of true wisdom (Pr 22:19; 28:25). The positive duty has its
corresponding negation in the admonition against self-confidence.
6. ways—(Ps 1:1).
acknowledge—by seeking His wise aid
(Pr 16:3; Ps 37:5; Jer 9:23, 24).
direct—literally, "make plain"
(compare Heb 12:13).
7. (Compare Pr 27:2; Ro 12:16).
fear … evil—reverentially
regarding His law.
8. It—This conduct.
to thy navel—for all the organs of
bones—frame of body. True piety
promotes bodily health.
9, 10. (Compare Pr
11:25; Ex 23:19; De 18:4; Isa 32:8; 2Co 9:13).
10. presses—or wine fats (Joe 2:24;
11, 12. The true intent of afflictions
considered; they do not contradict the assertion of the blessed state
of the pious (Job 5:17; Heb 12:5, 6).
12. he delighteth—or receiveth as
denoting reconciliation regarding the offense which produced
13. findeth—literally, "reaches," or
"obtains by seeking."
getteth—literally, "draws out," as
metals by digging.
14, 15. The figure of Pr 3:13 carried out.
it—that is, wisdom.
merchandise of silver—acquisition by
fine gold—dug gold, solid as a
15. rubies—gems, or pearls.
16, 17. Wisdom personified as bringing the
best blessings (compare Mt 6:33; 1Ti 4:8).
17. Her ways—such as she directs us to
18. Wisdom allegorized as
a tree of life—(Ge 2:9; 3:22) whose fruit preserves life, gives
all that makes living a blessing.
19, 20. The place of wisdom in the economy of
creation and providence commends it to men, who, in proportion to their
finite powers, may possess this invaluable attribute, and are thus
encouraged by the divine example of its use to seek its possession.
21. sound wisdom—(compare Pr 2:7).
let … eyes—that is, these words
22-24. assign reasons in their value for
happiness and ornament, guidance and support in dangers, both when
waking and sleeping.
25. Be not—or, "You shall not be."
sudden fear—what causes it (Pr 1:27), any unlooked-for evil (Ps
46:3; 91:12; 1Pe 3:14).
26. The reason; such as are objects of God's
be thy confidence—literally, "in thy
confidence," in the source of thy strength (compare Na 3:9, for the same construction,
27, 28. Promptly fulfil all obligations both
of justice and charity (compare Jas 2:15, 16).
29, 30. Do not abuse confidence and avoid
31. oppressor—or man of mischief. The
destiny of successful evildoers warns against desiring their lot (Ps 37:1,
2, 35, 36).
32-35. Reasons for the warning.
secret … righteous—in their
33. curse … wicked—It abides with
them, and will be manifested.
34. The retribution of sinners, as in Ps 18:26.
35. inherit—as a portion.
shame—or disgrace, as opposed to
promotion—(Compare Margin); as
honor for well-doing makes men conspicuous, so fools are signalized by