To an earnest call for attention to his teachings, the writer adds a
commendation of wisdom, preceded and enforced by the counsels of his
father and teacher. To this he adds a caution (against the devices of
the wicked), and a series of exhortations to docility, integrity, and
1, 2. (Compare Pr 1:8).
to know—in order to know.
doctrine—the matter of learning (Pr 1:5), such as he had received (La 3:1).
3. father's son—emphatic, a son
specially regarded, and so called tender, as an object of special care
(compare 1Ch 22:7; 29:1); an idea further expressed by
only beloved—or, "as an only son"
22:2), though he had brothers
(see on 1Ch 3:5).
4. He taught—or directed me.
retain—as well as receive.
keep … and live—observe, that
you may live (Pr 7:2).
5. Get—as a possession not to be given
neither decline—that is, from obeying
6. Not only accept but love wisdom, who will
keep thee from evil, and evil from thee.
7. (Compare Job 28:28).
getting—or possession; a desire for
wisdom is wise.
8. As you highly esteem her, she will raise
you to honor.
embrace her—with fond affection.
9. ornament—such as the chaplet or
wreath of conquerors.
deliver—(Compare Ge 14:20). The allusion to a shield, contained in
the Hebrew, suggests protection as well as honor (compare Pr 4:6).
10. (Compare Pr 2:1; 3:2).
11, 12. way of wisdom—which it
led thee—literally, "caused thee to
tread," as a path (Ps 107:7).
not be straitened—have ample room
13. (Compare Pr 3:18). The figure of laying hold with the
hand suggests earnest effort.
14. (Compare Ps 1:1). Avoid all temptations to the beginning
16, 17. The reason is found in the character
of sinners, whose zeal to do evil is forcibly depicted (Pr 6:4; Ps
36:5). They live by flagrant
1:13). Some prefer to render,
"Their bread is wickedness, their drink violence" (compare Job 15:16;
18, 19. As shining light increases from
twilight to noonday splendor, so the course of the just increases in
purity, but that of the wicked is as thickest darkness, in which one
knows not on what he stumbles.
20-22. (Compare Pr 4:10, 13; Pr 3:8, &c.).
22. health … flesh—by preserving
from vices destructive of health.
23. with all diligence—or, "above," or
"more than all," custody (compare Margin), all that is
kept (compare Eze 38:7),
because the heart is the depository of all wisdom and the source of
whatever affects life and character (Mt 12:35; 15:19).
24. a froward mouth—that is, a mouth, or
words of ill nature. The Hebrew word differs from that used
25. Let … before thee—that is,
pursue a sincere and direct purpose, avoiding temptations.
26. Ponder—Consider well; a wise course
results from wise forethought.
27. (Compare Pr 4:25). Avoid all by-paths of evil (De 2:27;
17:11). A life of integrity
requires attention to heart, speech, eyes, and conduct.