BUCKLAND, AUGUSTUS ROBERT: Secretary of the Religious Tract Society; b. at Newport (20 m. n.w. of Bristol), Monmouthshire, Apr. 18, 1857. He was educated at Pembroke College, Oxford (B.A., 1881), and was ordained to the priesthood of the Church of England in 1881. He was curate of Spitalfields, London, in 1880-84. In 1887 he became editor of the Record and has since engaged largely in journalistic work. He has also been morning preacher in the Foundling Hospital, London, since 1890, and was chosen secretary of the Religious Tract Society in 1902. He has written: Strayed East (London, 1889); The Patience of Two (1894); The Heroic in Missions (1894); John Horden, Missionary Bishop (1894); Women in the Mission Field (1895); The Confessional in the English Church (1900); and The Missionary Speaker's Manual (1901; in collaboration with J. D. Mullins). In addition, he has edited many works for the Religious Tract Society, notably its Devotional Commentary.
BUCKLEY, JAMES MONROE: Methodist Episcopalian; b. at Rahway, N. J., Dec. 16, 1836. He was educated at Wesleyan University, Middletown, Conn., but did not graduate, and he also studied theology at Exeter, N. H. He held various pastorates in New Hampshire (1859-63), Central Church, Detroit (1863-66), Brooklyn, N. Y. (1866-1869, 1872-75, and 1878-80), and Stamford, Conn. (1869-72 and 1875-78). Since 1880 he has been editor of the New York Christian Advocate. His general theological position is that of his denomination, although he reserves all rights to individual judgment concerning non-essentials. He has written: Appeals to Men of Sense and Reflection to begin a Christian Life (New York, 1869); Christians and the Theatre (1875); Supposed Miracles (Boston, 1875); Oats or Wild Oats? (New York, 1885); The Midnight Sun, the Czar and the Nihilist (Boston, 1887); Faith Healing, Christian Science, and Kindred Phenomena (New York, 1892); Travels in Three Continents (1895); History of Methodism in the United States (1897); Extemporaneous Oratory for Professional and Amateur Speakers (1899); and The Fundamentals of Religion and their Contrasts (1906).
BUCKMINSTER, JOSEPH STEVENS: New England clergyman; b. at Portsmouth, N. H., May 26, 1784; d. in Boston June 9, 1812. He was graduated at Harvard, 1800; studied theology while teacher at (Phillips) Exeter Academy and private tutor at Waltham; was called to the Brattle Street Church, Boston, 1804; appointed lecturer on Biblical criticism at Harvard, 1811. In theology he was liberal, a forerunner of the Unitarian movement; he belonged to the "Anthology Club," was a frequent contributor to the Monthly Anthology, and one of the founders of the literary reputation of Boston. He superintended the publication of the American edition of Griesbach's Greek Testament (1808); two volumes of sermons, with memoir by Rev. S. C. Thacher, were published after his death (Boston, 1814; 1829), and his Works appeared in two volumes in 1839.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: His Memoir (together with that of his father, Rev. Joseph Buckminster of Portsmouth, N. H.; b. 1751; d. 1812) was published by his sister, Eliza B. Lee, Boston, 1851.
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