BOUTHILLIER, bu"tîl"lyê', DE RANCÉ, ARMAND JEAN LE. See TRAPPISTS.
BOWEN, GEORGE: Methodist Episcopal foreign missionary; b. at Middlebury, Vt., April 30, 1816; d. in Bombay, India, Feb. b, 1888. He was graduated at Union Theological Seminary, New York City, in 1847; was ordained by the presbytery of New York, and the same year went to Bombay under the American Board. He spent the rest of his life in that city, but severed his connection with the American Board in 1855 and was an independent missionary till 1872 when he connected himself with the Methodist Episcopal missionary society. He edited the Bombay Guardian from 1854 on; and was also the secretary of the Religious Tract Society of Bombay. By the volumes which have been made up from his writings he has helped many spiritually. They are: Daily Meditations (Philadelphia, 1865); Discussions by the Seaside (Bombay, 1857); Love revealed. Meditations on the parting words of Jesus with his disciples in John xiii. to xvii. (Philadelphia, 1872); Verily, Verily. The Amens of Christ (1879).
BOWEN, JOHN WESLEY EDWARD: Methodist Episcopalian; b. at New Orleans, La., Dec. 3, 1855. He was educated at the University of New Orleans (B.A., 1878) and Boston University (Ph.D., 1887). After acting as professor of ancient languages at Central Tennessee College, Nashville, Tenn., from 1878 to 1882, he held successive pastorates at Boston (1882-85), Newark, N. J. (1885-1888), and Baltimore and Washington (1888-92), while during the latter incumbency he was likewise professor of church history and systematic theology in Morgan College, Baltimore, and also professor of Hebrew in Howard University, Washington, in 1891-92. Since 1893 he has been president and professor of historical theology in Gammon Theological Seminary, Atlanta, Ga. He was a member and examiner of the American Institute of Sacred Literature in 1889-93, as well as secretary and librarian of the Stewart Missionary Foundation for Africa. He was likewise a member of the general conferences of 1896, 1900, and 1904, and from 1892 to 1900 was a member of the board of control of the Epworth League. He is the editor of The Voice, The Negro, and the Stewart Missionary Magazine, and has written National Sermons, Africa and the American Negro (Philadelphia, 1891); University Addresses (Atlanta, 1895); Discussions in Philosophy and Theology (1895); and The United Negro (1902).
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