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1. A clean heart - To all true Israelites, who love God, and serve him in spirit and truth.

2. My feet - My faith in God's providence, was almost overthrown.

4. No bands - They are not dragged to death, by the sentence of the magistrate, which they deserve.

5. As other men - As good men frequently are.

8. And speak - Boasting of their oppressions.

9. Against - Against God, blaspheming his name, and deriding his providence. Walketh - Using all manner of liberty, reproaching all sorts of persons.

10. Turn - To this wicked company. Waters - And partake of the same prosperity with their leaders. God seems to give them a full cup of consolation, as if he would wring out all his blessings upon them.

12. Behold - These seem to be the words of the psalmist, summing up the matter.

13. In vain - Hence I was sometimes tempted, to think that religion was a vain, unprofitable thing. True religion is here described by its two principal parts, the cleansing of the heart, and the hands.

15. Offend - By grieving, discouraging and tempting them to revolt from God.

16. To know - To find out the reason of this providence.

17. Until - 'Till I consulted the word of God. He alludes to the practice of those times, which was, in difficult cases to resort to God's sanctuary, and the oracle therein. Their end - There I learned that their prosperity was short.

19. Terrors - With God's dreadful judgements unexpectedly seizing upon them.

20. They awake - Out of the pleasant dream of this vain life. Despise - Thou shalt make them despicable both to themselves and to all others; raise them to shame, and everlasting contempt. Image - All their felicity and glory, which shall be evidently discerned to be, no real or substantial thing, but a mere image or shadow.

21. Pricked - I was deeply wounded with disquieting thoughts.

22. Nevertheless - Although I gave thee just cause to cast me off, yet thou didst continue thy care and kindness to me. Hast held - That my faith might not fail.

27. Go a whoring - Those who revolt from thee, to work wickedness; which is called whoredom in scripture.

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