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This chapter gives an account of one of the most memorable ordinances, and one of the most memorable providences of all that art recorded in the old testament.

I. None of all the ordinances of the Jewish church were more eminent than that of the passover. It consisted of three parts.

1. The killing and eating of the paschal lamb, ver. 1-6, 8-11.

2. The sprinkling of the blood upon the doorposts, peculiar to the first passover, ver. 7. with the reason for it, ver. 11-13.

3. The feast of unleavened bread for seven days after; this points rather at what was to be done after in the observance of this ordinance, ver. 14-20. This institution is communicated to the people, and they instructed in the observance. (1.) Of this first passover, ver. 21-23. (2.) Of the after passovers, ver. 24-27. And the Israelites obedience to these orders, ver. 28.

II. None of all the providences of God concerning the Jewish church was more illustrious, than the deliverance of the children of Israel out of Egypt.

1. The first-born of the Egyptians are slain, ver. 29, 30.

2. Orders are given immediately for their discharge, ver. 31-33.

3. They begin their march,

1. Loaded with their own effects, ver. 34.

2. Enriched with the spoils of Egypt, ver. 35, 36.

3. Attended with a mixed multitude, ver. 37, 38,

4. Put to their shifts for present supply, ver. 39. This event is dated, ver. 40-42.

III. A recapitulation in the close, 1st. Of this memorable ordinance, with some additions, ver. 43-49; 2ndly. Of this memorable providence, ver. 50, 51.

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