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Chapter XXV.—Of what other monks were distinguished at this period.

There were also other men at this period who emitted the bright rays of the philosophy of solitary life. In the Chalcidian774774    i.e. the district round Chalcis in Syria, to be distinguished from the Macedonian Chalcidice. desert Avitus, Marcianus775775    Native of Theodoret’s see of Cyrus. He built himself a cell like the “Little Ease” of the Tower of London, and promoted orthodoxy by the influence of his austerities. †c. 385. cf. Tillemont, viii. 483. and Abraames,776776    A. went on missionary journeys disguised as a pedlar, and eventually unwillingly became bishop of Carræ. Theod. Relig. Hist. 3. and more besides whom I cannot easily enumerate, strove in their bodies of sense to live a life superior to sense. In the district of Apamea,777777    Presumably Apamea ad Orontem. (Famiah.) Agapetus,778778    Bishop of Apamea, a comrade and disciple of Marcianus. (Relig. Hist. iii.) Simeon,779779    Also a disciple of Marcian. For fifty years he maintained a school of ascetic philosophy. cf. Chrysost. Ep. 55. and Tillemont. ix. 304. Apparently not the same as Simeones Priscus of Relig. Hist. vi. Paulus and others reaped the fruits of the highest wisdom.

In the district of the Zeugmatenses780780    i.e. near Zeugma, on the Euphrates, opposite Apamea. were Publius781781    vide Relig. Hist. v. and Paulus. In the Cyrestian782782    i.e. round Theodoret’s see of Cyrus. the famous Acepsemas had been shut up in a cell for sixty years without being either seen or spoken to. The admirable Zeumatius, though bereft of sight, used to go about confirming the sheep, and fighting with the wolves; so they burnt his cell, but the right faithful general Trajanus got another built for him, and paid him besides other attentions. In the neighbourhood of Antioch, Marianus,783783    Uncle of Eusebius, a “faithful servant of God.” Relig. Hist. iv. Eusebius,784784    Relig. Hist. iv. Abbot of Mt. Coryphe, nephew of Marianus. He chained his neck to his girdle that he might be compelled to violate the prerogative of his manhood (cf. Ovid. Met i. 85) and keep his eyes on the ground. Ammianus,785785    Vide Relig. Hist. iv. He had a monastery near Antioch. Palladius,786786    Relig. Hist. vii. Simeon,787787    cf. the Symeones Priscus of Relig. Hist. vi. Abraames,788788    The disciple of Ephrem Syrus. Vide Soz. iii. 16, and Eph. Syr. Act. S. Abraam. and others, preserved the divine image unimpaired; but of all these the lives have been recorded by us. But the mountain which is in the neighbourhood of the great city was decked like a meadow, for in it shone Petrus, the Galatian, his namesake the Egyptian, 129Romanus Severus,789789    Born at Rhosus. His life is given in Relig. Hist. xi. Zeno,790790    Relig. Hist. xii. He lived “without bed, lamp, fire, pitcher, pot, box, or book, or anything.” Moses, and Malchus,791791    Met in his old age by Jerome, to whom he told the story of his life. Born at Edessa, he ended his days at Maronia, near Antioch. Vide Jer. vita Malchi. and many others of whom the world is ignorant, but who are known to God.

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