Table of Contents

Title Page

Preface to the Third Revision

Nicene and Post-Nicene Christianity


Later Literature

Introduction and General View

Downfall of Heathenism and Victory of Christianity in the Roman Empire

The Literary Triumph of Christianity over Greek and Roman Heathenism

Alliance of Church and State and Its Influence on Public Morals and Religion

The Rise and Progress of Monasticism

The Hierarchy and Polity of the Church

Church Discipline and Schisms

Public Worship and Religious Customs and Ceremonies

Christian Art

Theological Controversies, and Development of the Ecumenical Orthodoxy

General Observations. Doctrinal Importance of the Period. Influence of the Ancient Philosophy

Sources of Theology. Scripture and Tradition

The Arian Controversy down to the Council of Nicaea, 318-325

The Council of Nicaea, 325

The Arian and Semi-Arian Reaction, a.d. 325-361

The Final Victory of Orthodoxy, and the Council of Constantinople, 381

The Theological Principles involved: Import of the Controversy



Revived Sabellianism. Marcellus and Photinus

The Nicene Doctrine of the Consubstantiality of the Son with the Father

The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit

The Nicene and Constantinopolitan Creed

The Nicene, Doctrine of the Trinity. The Trinitarian Terminology

The Post-Nicene Trinitarian Doctrine of Augustine

The Athanasian Creed

The Orgenistic Controversy in Palestine. Epiphanius, Rufinus, and Jerome, a.d. 394-399

The Origenistic Controversy in Egypt and Constantinople. Theophilus and Chrysostom a.d. 399-407

General View. Alexandrian and Antiochian Schools

The Apollinarian Heresy, a.d. 362-381

The Nestorian Controversy, a.d. 428-431

The Ecumenical Council of Ephesus, a.d. 431. The Compromise

The Nestorians

The Eutychian Controversy. The Council of Robbers, a.d. 449

The Ecumenical Council of Chalcedon, A.D. 451

The Orthodox Christology--Analysis and Criticism

The Monophysite Controversies

The Three, Chapters, and the Fifth Ecumenical Council, A.D. 553

The Monophysite Sects: Jacobites, Copts, Abyssinians, Armenians, Maronites

Character of the Pelagian Controversy

External History of the Pelagian Controversy, A.D. 411-431

The Pelagian Controversy in Palestine

Position of the Roman Church. Condemnation of Pelagianism

The Pelagian System: Primitive State and Freedom of Man; the Fall

The Pelagian System Continued: Doctrine, of Human Ability and Divine Grace

The Augustinian System: The Primitive State of Man, and Free Will

The Augustinian System: The Fall and its Consequences

The Augustinian System: Original Sin, and the Origin of the Human Soul

Arguments for the Doctrine of Original Sin and Hereditary Guilt

Answers to Pelagian Objections

Augustine's Doctrine of Redeeming Grace

The Doctrine of Predestination


Victory of Semi-Augustinianism. Council of Orange, A.D. 529

Church Fathers, and Theological Literature

Appendix to the Revised Edition, 1884

Appendix to the Revised Edition, 1884


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