FROESCHEL, fra'shel, SEBASTIAN: German Protestant; b. at'Amberg (35 m. e. of Nuremberg), Bavaria, Feb. 24, 1497; d. at Wittenberg Dec. 20, 1570. From 1514 till 1519 he studied at Leipsic, when he heard the disputation between Luther and. Eck in the latter year and received an impression therefrom which proved decisive for his subsequent career. Ordained deacon in 1520, and priest in 1521, he soon came into conflict with the Roman Church, and, as a result, removed to Wittenberg in the autumn of 1522. While on a visit to Leipsic in Oct., 1523, he preached a series of sermons, which led to his arrest and expulsion from the country as a heretic. After a short ministry at Halls he returned to Wittenberg in 1525 as assistant to Bugenhagen. During the remainder of his life he, served the church at Wittenberg, becoming deacon there, in 1528, and later archdeacon. He was on terms of intimacy with both Luther and Melanchthon. From 1542 to 1566 he frequently assisted in the ordination of foreign ministers at Wittenberg. In his writings he appears as the interpreter of Melanchthon. He published a Latin commentaty on St. Matthew (Wittenberg, 1558; Germ. transl., 1559; reprinted in. CR, xiv.535-1042); Catechismus (1559; 2d. ed., 1560); Von den heiligen Bngeln,vom Tetcfel, and des 3fenschm Seele (15.63); Von der Passion . . Christi (1565); ,Vom Priestatm. (1565); and Vom Kirnigre" Christi (1566). ,
Bibliography: J. C. Erdmsnn, Bioymphie sammaieher Pwtoren .. . . su Witlenbem. P. 11 and Supplement, pp. 65-62, Wittenberg, 1801-08; J. C. 6eidemann, Die Leipsiger Disputation in 1518, pp. 132-134, Dresden, 1848; G. Buchwald, Zur Witlenbemer Stadi- and Uniroeraitdh tidde, Leipsic, 1893.
FROMENT, fra'!mdnl, ANTOINE: One of the men who introduced. the Reformation in Geneva; b. at Mena (25 m. a. Of Grenoble), in Dauphints, 1508; d. in Geneva Nov. 6, 1581. From 1529 he accompanied Guillaume Farel, the pioneer of the Reformed faith and preached the Gospel in western Switzerland. On Nov. 3, 1532, he went to Geneva, where the Evangelicals were still few and timid. He opened a school, and advertised that " a man had come who within a month would teach every one, men and women, great and small, to read French and to write, even if they had never been to school"; if any one did not learn in that space of time, he should have nothing to pay; sled
Bibliography: E. and É. Haag, La France protmfaate, ed. Henri Bordier, vol. v., Paris, 1886; A. L. Herminjard, Correapondanee des r4ormateura, 9 vols., Geneva, 1866-97; A. Guillot, Les D*uts de la ROormation d Gendve, Geneva, 1885.
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