FLEETWOOD, WILLIAM: English prelate; b. in London Jan. 1, 1656; d. at Tottenham (6 m. n.n.e. of St. Paul's, London) Aug. 4, 1723. He studied at Eton, and at King's College, Cambridge (B.A., 1679; M.A., 1683; D.D.,1705). Soon after taking orders he won renown by a sermon delivered before King's College, Mar. 25, 1889, in commem oration of Edward VI., the founder of the college. He was given a fellowship at Eton, the chapter rectory of St. Augustine and St. Faith's, London (Nov. 26, 1689), and soon afterward the lecture- ship of St. Dunstan's-in-the-Nest. He held liberal political views and favored the revolution. Shortly after the accession of William and Mary he was appointed chaplain to the king, and in 1702 canon of Windsor. In 1705 he exchanged his London


preferments for the living of Wexham in Buckinghamshire. Despite his opposition to her favorite political party, Queen Anne made him bishop of St. Asaph in 1708; and in 1714 Geo. I. translated him to the see of Ely. For his attacks on the Jacobite tendencies of the Tory government in 1712 he was threatened with impeachment and the House of Commons voted that the preface of a volume of sermons he had just published be burned by the public hangman. Besides a number of sermons and charges to the clergy, Fleetwood's works include, Inscriptionum antiquarium sylloge (London, 1691), a collection of Christian and pagan inscriptions; An Essay on Miracles (1701); and Chronieon pretiosum (1707), an investigation of the value of money and commodities for the previous six centuries. His sermons may be found in his Works (London, 1737; new ed., 3 vols., Oxford, 1854).

Bibliography: A Memoir, by Fleetwood's nephew, W . Powell, is prefixed to his Works. Consult: J. H. Monk, Life of Dr. Iiidard Bentley, i. 387-370, ii. 88, 247, London, 1833; Biopmphia Britannica, vol. ii., ib. 1750; DNB, uz 289-271.

FLEMING, DAVID HAY: Scotch Presbyterian; b. at St. Andrews, Scotland, May 9, 1849. He studied at Madras College, St. Andrews, 185446, and then engaged in business until he retired in 1883 to devote himself to the study of Scotch history. In 1904-06 he was lecturer on church history in New College, Edinburgh. In theology he is an old school Presbyterian and a stanch Calvinist. Among his writings those of theological interest are The Martyrs and Confessors of St. Andrews (Cup-Fife, 1887); Mary Queen of Scots from her Birth to her Flight into England (London, 1897); The Scottish Reformation (Edinburgh, 1903); and The Story of the Scottish Covenants in Outline (1904). He has also edited Register of the Ministers, Elders, and. Deacons of the Christian Congregation of St. Andrews, Comprising the Proceedings of the Kirk Session and of the Court of the Superintendent of Fife, Fothrik, and Strathearn, 1669-1600 (2 vols., Edinburgh, 1889-90); A. F. Mitchell's Scottish Ref ormation (Baud Lectures for 1899, 1900); and Patrick Walker's Six Saints of the Covenant (2 vols., London, 1901).


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