FACUNDUS OF HERMIANE: Bishop of Her miane, in the North African province of Byzacena; d. after 571. He belonged to the leaders of the anti-imperial opposition in the so-called Chapter Controversy (q.v.) and in 548 submitted

to Justinian a work in twelve books Pro de f enslone trium capitulorum, in which he sought mainly to prove that the emperor's design of condemning the Antiochian theology might seriously impair the authority of the Council of Chalcedon. A second treatise, Liber contra Mocianum scholasticum, in opposition to the judicatum by which Pope Vigilius had condemned the Three Chapters, shows that he was already estranged from Rome, yet the date of composition is uncertain. A third work is the Epistola ftdei catholicce in defensione trium capitu lorum. The three treatises are in MPL, lxvii. 521 878, and in A. Gallandi, Bibliotheca, xi. 663-821.

G. Kr├╝ger.

Bibliography: A. Hsrnack TLZ, v (1880), 832--838; H. Kihn, Theodor von Mopauestia, pp. 50-51, Freiburg, 1880; O. Bardenhewer, Patrologie, pp. 582-583, ib. 1901; DCB, ii. 444-446.

FAGIUS, fii'gi-us (PHAGIUS, BUCHLEIN), PAULUS: German theologian; b. at Rheinzabern (9 m. s.e. of Landau), Rhenish Bavaria, 1504; .d. at Cambridge, England, Nov. 13, 1549. He studied at Heidelberg (1515) and at Strasburg (1522), where Capito taught him Hebrew; he became rector of the school at Isny, 1527; was a student of theology at Strasburg, 1535; returned as Evangelical pastor to Isny, 1537, and became pupil in Hebrew of Elias Levita; he succeeded Capito as pastor and theological professor in Strasburg, 1542. Violently opposed to the Interim when it was introduced (1549), he accepted Cranmer's invitation to come to England and became professor of Hebrew at Cambridge and soon died of a fever. Under Queen Mary his and Butzer's bones were exhumed and burned (Feb. 6, 1557) and their university honors were taken from these; but Queen Elizabeth ordered that the university formally restore to them their honors (July 22, 1560; cf. Foxe, Arts and Monuments, ed. Townsend, viii. 282-295, and A brief Treatise concerning the Burning of Bucer and Phagius with their Restitution, London, 1562). Fagius had a great reputation as a Hebrew scholar and his publications are upon Old Testament exegesis and Hebrew philology. In the bibliography of his writings in La France protestante, iii. 71 sqq., also in Strype's Memorials of Archbishop Cranmer, p. 845, twenty-three works are cited, but none has any present interest.

Bibliography: An account of his life is contained in the Historia de vita Buceri, Strasburg, 1582. Consult: Sobiffer, Paul Fapius, der eweite eroanodiaahe Prediger ms Jungen St. Peter in Sbuesburp, Strasburg, 1877; ADB, vol. vi.; DNB, xviii. 120.


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