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Section VIII.

[1] 602602    Matt. xii. 14.And the Pharisees went out, and consulted together concerning him, that they [2] might destroy him.  603603    Matt. xii. 15.And Jesus perceived, and removed thence:  and great multitudes [3] followed him; and he healed all of them:  604604    Matt. xii. 16.and he forbade them that they should [4] not make him known:605605    Lit. lead to him.  606606    Matt. xii. 17.that the saying in Isaiah the prophet might be fulfilled, which said,

[5] 607607    Matt. xii. 18.Behold, my servant608608    The Arabic word strictly means young man. with whom I am pleased;

My beloved in whom my soul hath delighted:609609    Or, rested.

My spirit have I put upon him,

And he shall proclaim to the nations judgement.

[6] 610610    Matt. xii. 19.He shall not dispute, nor cry out;

And no man shall hear his voice in the marketplace.

[7] 611611    Matt. xii. 20.And a bruised reed shall he not break,

And a smoking lamp612612    Or, wick. shall he not extinguish,

56Until he shall bring forth judgement unto victory.

[8] 613613    Matt. xii. 21.And the nations shall rejoice in his name.614614    The Arab. might also mean, And he shall preach (the good tidings) to the peoples in his name (cf. § 22, 47, note).

[9] 615615    Luke vi. 12.And in those days Jesus went out to the mountain that he might pray, and he [10] spent the night616616    This phrase, in this case adopted from the Syriac, really means, in Arab., morning found him. there in prayer to God.  617617    Luke vi. 13a.And when the morning was come, he called the disciples.  618618    Mark iii. 7.And he went towards the sea:  and there followed him much people [11] from Galilee that he might pray,619619    It must be remembered that we have here only one ms.  The Arabic words for Galilee and for mountain are very similar.  The words that he might pray have therefore probably made their way here by some error from § 8, 9, above. 620620    Mark iii. 8.and from Judæa, and from Jerusalem, and from Idumæa, and from beyond Jordan, and from Tyre, and from Sidon, and from Decapolis; [12] and great multitudes came unto him, which had heard what he did.  621621    Mark iii. 9.And he spake to his disciples to bring him the boat because of the multitudes, that they [13] might not throng him.  622622    Mark iii. 10.And he healed many, so that they were almost falling on [Arabic, p. 31] him623623    So (with the Peshitta) by transposing two letters.  The Arabic text as it stands can hardly be translated.  Almost may be simply a corruption of the Arabic word were. on account of their seeking to get near him.  And624624    The syntax of the Arabic is ambiguous.  The alternative followed above, which seems the most natural, is that which agrees most nearly with the Peshitta. those that had [14] plagues and unclean spirits, 625625    Mark iii. soon as they beheld him, would fall, and [15] cry out, and say, Thou art the Son of God.  626626    Mark iii. 12.And he rebuked them much, that they [16] should not make him known.  627627    Luke vi. 18.And those that were under the constraint of628628    Or, troubled with. unclean [17] spirits were healed.  629629    Luke vi. 19.And all of the crowd were seeking to come near630630    This is the meaning of the Arabic word, as it is the primary meaning of the Syriac; but in this work a number of words meaning approach are used (and generally translated) in the sense of touch.  The commonest word so used is that in § 12, 13 (cf. also § 12, 35). him; because power went out from him, and he healed them all.

[18, 19] 631631    Matt. v. 1a.And when Jesus saw the multitudes, he went up to the mountain.  632632    Luke vi. 13b.And he called his disciples, and chose from them twelve; and they are those whom he named [20] apostles:  633633    Luke vi. 14.Simon, whom he named Cephas, and Andrew his brother, and James and [21] John, and Philip and Bartholomew, 634634    Luke vi. 15.and Matthew and Thomas, and James the son [22] of Alphæus, and Simon which was called the Zealot, 635635    Luke vi. 16.and Judas the son of James, [23] and Judas the Iscariot, being he that had betrayed him.636636    So Vat. ms., followed by Ciasca (cf. Sin.).  Borg. ms. has he that was betraying or was a traitor (cf. Peshitta).  637637    Luke vi. 17a.And Jesus went down with them and stood in the plain, and the company of his disciples, and the great [24] multitude of people.  638638    Mark iii. 14.And these twelve he chose to be with him, and that he might [25] send them to preach, and to have power to heal the sick and to cast out devils.

[26] 639639    Luke vi. 20.Then he lifted up his eyes unto them, and opened his mouth, 640640    Matt. v. 2.and taught them, and said,

[27] 641641    Matt. v. 3.Blessed are the poor in spirit:  for the kingdom of heaven is theirs.

[28] 642642    Matt. v. 4.Blessed are the sorrowful:  for they shall be comforted.

[29] 643643    Matt. v. 5.Blessed are the humble:  for they shall inherit the earth.

[30] 644644    Matt. v. 6.Blessed are they that hunger and thirst after righteousness:  for they shall be satisfied.

[31] 645645    Matt. v. 7.Blessed are the merciful:  for on them shall be mercy.

[32] [Arabic, p. 32] 646646    Matt. v. 8.Blessed are the pure in their hearts:  for they shall see God.

[33] 647647    Matt. v. 9.Blessed are the peacemakers:  for they shall be called the sons of God.

[34] 648648    Matt. v. 10.Blessed are they that were persecuted649649    This word, the ordinary meaning of which is expel, is freely used by our translator in the sense of persecute. for righteousness’ sake:  for the kingdom of heaven is theirs.

[35] 650650    Luke vi. 22a.Blessed are ye when men shall hate you, and separate you from them, and persecute you, and reproach you, 651651    Matt. v. 11b.and shall speak against you with all evil talk, for my [36] sake, falsely.  652652    Matt. v. 12.Then rejoice and be glad, for your reward is great in heaven:  for so persecuted they the prophets before you.

[37] 653653    Luke vi. 24.But woe unto you rich! for ye have received your consolation.

[38] 654654    Luke vi. 25.Woe unto you that are satisfied! ye shall hunger.

Woe unto you that laugh now! ye shall weep and be sad.

[39] 655655    Luke v. 26.Woe unto you when men praise you! for so did their fathers use to do to the false prophets.

[40] 656656    Luke vi. 27.Unto you do I say, ye which hear, 657657    Matt. v. 13.Ye are the salt of the earth:  if then the salt become tasteless, wherewith shall it be salted?  For any purpose it is of no use, but [41] is thrown outside, and men tread upon it.  658658    Matt. v. 14.Ye are the light of the world.  It is [42] impossible that a city built on a mountain should be hid.  659659    Matt. v. 15.Neither do they light a 57lamp and place it under a bushel, but on the lamp-stand, and it giveth light to all [43] who are in the house.  660660    Matt. v. 16.So shall661661    Or, let (cf. § 4, 20, note). your light shine before men, that they may see [44] your good works, and glorify your Father which is in heaven.  662662    Mark iv. 22.There is nothing [45] secret that shall not be revealed, or hidden that shall not be known.  663663    Mark iv. 23.Whoever hath ears that hear, let him hear.

[46] 664664    Matt. v. 17.Think not that I came to destroy the law or the prophets; I came not to destroy, [47] but to complete.  665665    Matt. v. 18.Verily I say unto you, Until heaven and earth shall pass, there [Arabic, p. 33] shall not pass one point or one letter of the law, until all of it shall be [48] accomplished666666    Matt. v. 19.Every one who shall violate now one of these small commandments, and shall teach men so, shall be called lacking in the kingdom of heaven:  every one that shall do and teach shall667667    Lit. this (man) shall. be called great in the kingdom [49] of heaven.  668668    Matt. v. 20.I say unto you now, unless your righteousness abound more than that of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall not enter the kingdom of heaven.

[50] 669669    Matt. v. 21.Ye have heard that it was said to the ancients, Do not kill; and every one that [51] killeth is worthy of the judgement.  670670    Matt. v. 22.But I say unto you that every one who is angry with his brother without a cause is worthy of the judgement; and every one that saith to his brother, Thou foul one, is condemned671671    See § 10, 13, note. by the synagogue; and whosoever [52] saith to him, Thou fool, is worthy of the fire of Gehenna.  672672    Matt. v. 23.If thou art now offering thy gift at the altar, and rememberest there that thy brother hath conceived [53] against thee any grudge, 673673    Matt. v. 24.leave thy gift at the altar, and go first and satisfy thy [54] brother, and then return and offer thy gift.  674674    Matt. v. 25a.Join675675    The text is rather uncertain. thine adversary quickly, 676676    Luke xii. 58a.and while thou art still with him in the way, give a ransom and free thyself from him; [55] lest thine adversary deliver thee to the judge, 677677    Matt. v. 25c.and the judge deliver thee to the tax-collector, [56] and thou fall into prison.  678678    Matt. v. 26.And verily I say unto thee, Thou shalt not go out thence until thou payest the last farthing.

[57, 58] 679679    Matt. v. 27.Ye have heard that it was said, Do not commit adultery:  680680    Matt. v. 28.but I now say unto you, that every one that looketh at a woman lusting after her hath forthwith already [59] [Arabic, p. 34] committed adultery with her in his heart.  681681    Matt. v. 29.If thy right eye injure thee, put it out and cast it from thee; for it is preferable for thee that one of thy [60] members should perish, and not thy whole body go into the fire of hell682682    Matt. v. 30.And if thy right hand injure thee, cut it off and cast it from thee; and it is better for thee that [61] one of thy members should perish, and not thy whole body fall into Gehenna.  683683    Matt. v. 31.It was said that he that putteth away his wife should give her a writing of divorcement:  [62] 684684    Matt. v. 32.but I say unto you, that every one that putteth away his wife, except for the cause of adultery, hath made it lawful for685685    The text is probably corrupt.  Vat. ms. has on margin, i.e., caused her. her to commit adultery:  and whosoever taketh one that is put away committeth adultery.

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