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81

SUMMARY OF MAMMALIA OF THE BIBLE.

Grounded on the Rev. W. HOUGHTON'S Paper
(Transactions of Society of Biblical Archæology
).

Animal Denoted. English Translation. Hebrew Original. Septuagint Translation. Assyrian Inscriptions. Remarks. Zoological Genus
or Species.
Antelope. Pygarg. Dîshôn. πύγαργος. Da-as-su.   Addax.
Antelope. Wild ox. Tô, or têo. ἔλαΦος. Burkhiïs.   Oryx leucoryx.
Ape. Ape. Koph. πίθηκος. Udumu.   Presbytes entellus.
Ass (tame). Ass. Chamôr. ὄνος. Imiru.   Asinus vulgaris.
Ass (wild). Wild ass. Pereh. ἣμιππος. Tseri.   Asinus himippus
Bear. Bear. Dôb. ἄρκτος. Dabuu.   Ursus Syriacus.
Bull(domestic) Cattle, oxen. Eleph. κτήνη. Alap.   Bos taurus.
Bull (wild). Unicorn. Reêm. μονόκερως. Ri-i-mu.   Bos primigenius.
Camel Camel. Gâmâl. κάμηλος. Gammalu.   Camelus Arabicus.
Camelus Bactrianus.
Cat Cat. None. αἴλουρος. None.   Felis domestica.
Deer. Fallow deer. Yachmur. βούβαλος.     Alcephalus bubalis
Dolphin.       Nakhiru. Syr. Nakhira. Delphinus.
Dog. Dog. Keleb. κύων. Kalbu.   Canis familiaris.
Fallow Deer. Hart, hind. Ayyâl. ἔλαΦος. Ailu.   Cervus Mesopotamicus.
Gazelle. Roe, roebuck. Tsebi. δορκάς. Tsabiï.   Gazella gutturosa.
Goat (he). He-goat. Yatud. τράγος. Atudu.   Capra hircus.
Tsâphîr. Tsapparu. The Paseng. Capra ægagrus.
Goat (wild). Chamois Zemer. καμηλοπάρδαλις. Ditanu.   Rupicapra tragus.
Wild goat. Yâ’êl.       Ibex Bedeanus, or
Capra Sinaitica.
Greyhound. Greyhound. Zarzir. ἀλέκτωρ. None. Figured on
Assyrian dish.
Doubtful.
Hare. Hare. Arnebeth. χοιρογρύλλιος. Annabu.   Lepus Sinaiticus.
Lepus Caspius.
Horse. Horse. Sûs. ἵππος. Susu.   Equus caballus.
Hippopotamus. Behemoth. Behemoth. θηρία.   Coptic,
P-ehe-mon.
 
Hyæna. Doleful creatures. [Ôâch.,
Ôchim].
None. Akhu.   Hyæna straita.
Jackal. Fox. Shûal. ἀλώπηξ. Asi. (?)   Canis vulpes.
Leopard. Leopard. Nâmer. πάρδαλις. Niïmru.   Leopardus varius.
Lion. Lion. Aryeh. λέων. Ne-essu.   Felis leo.
Mole-rat. Mole. Tinshemeth. ἀσπάλαξ.     Spalax typhlus.
Mouse. Mouse. ’Akhbar. μυ̑ς.     Dipus, and Alactaga.
Mule. Mule. Pered. ἡμίονος. Parie.    
Ox. Young Bull. Shôr. μόσχος.   Chald. Thôr. Bos taurus.
Oxen. Bâkâr. ταυ̑ρος. Buchal rimi.    
Ram. Ram. Ayil. κριός. Ailur.   Ovis aries.
Rhinoceros.       Alap nahr.   Rhinoceros unicornis.
Sheep. Sheep. Tsôn. πρόβατα. Tsieni.   Ovis laticaudatus.
Sheep. (wild).
(See Wild Goats.)
      Arnu. Syr. Arno. Capra ægagrus.
Unicorn (See Wild Bull).
Wolf. Wolf. Zeeb.   Ziïbu. Zebu. Canis Lupus.
Wolf.     λύκος. Aciluv.  
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