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Ps 59:1-17. See on Ps 57:1, title, and for history, 1Sa 19:11, &c. The scope is very similar to that of the fifty-seventh: prayer in view of malicious and violent foes, and joy in prospect of relief.

1. defend me—(Compare Margin).

rise up … me—(Compare Ps 17:7).

2. (Compare Ps 5:5; 6:8).

4, 5. prepare, &c.—literally, "set themselves as in array."

awake—(Compare Ps 3:7; 7:6), appeals to God in His covenant relation to His people (Ps 9:18).

6, 7. They are as ravening dogs seeking prey, and as such,

belch out—that is, slanders, their impudent barkings.

7. for who, say they—For the full expression with the supplied words, compare Ps 64:5.

8. (Compare Ps 2:4; 37:13).

9. By judicious expositors, and on good grounds, this is better rendered, "O my strength, on Thee will I wait" (Ps 59:17).

defence—(Compare Ps 18:3).

10. prevent me—(Ps 21:3).

see my desire—in their overthrow (Ps 54:7).

enemies—as in Ps 5:8.

11. Slay them not—at once (Jud 2:21-23); but perpetuate their punishment (Ge 4:12; Nu 32:13), by scattering or making them wander, and humble them.

12. let them even be … taken in their pride—while evincing it—that is, to be punished for their lies, &c.

13. Though delayed for wise reasons, the utter destruction of the wicked must come at last, and God's presence and power in and for His Church will be known abroad (1Sa 17:46; Ps 46:10, 11).

14, 15. Meanwhile let the rapacious dogs prowl, they cannot hurt the pious; yea, they shall wander famished and sleepless.

15. grudge if, &c.—literally, "they shall stay all night," that is, obtain nothing.

16, 17. Contrast the lot of God's servant, who employs his time in God's praise.

sing aloud … in the morning—when they retire famishing and disappointed, or it may denote delightful diligence in praise, as in Ps 30:5.

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