RENZ, rents, FRANZ: Roman Catholic; b. at Altenstadt (38 m. s.w. of Augsburg) Oct. 3, 1860. He received his education at the gymnasium and high school at Dillingen and at the University of Munich; was ordained priest in 1884 and served as city chaplain at Nördlingen, 1884-85; was prefect at the boys' seminary at Dillingen, 1885-91; subregent at the theological seminary at Dillingen, 1891-97; director of the boys' seminary there, 1899-1901; regent of the theological seminary at the same place, 1901-03; went to Münster as professor of dogmatic theology, 1903; and to Breslau in the same capacity, 1907. He is the author of Opfercharakter der Eucharistie nach der Lehre der Väter und Kirchenschriftsteller der ersten drei Jahrhunderte (Paderborn, 1892); and Die Geschichte des Messopfer-Begrifs, oder die alte Glaube und die neuen Theorien über das Wesen des unblutigen Opfers (2 vols., Freising, 1901-02).
REORGANIZED CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER DAY SAINTS. See MORMONS, III.
REPENTANCE: Ethically repentance is the feeling of pain experienced by man when he becomes conscious that he has done wrongly or improperly in thought, word, or deed. It always presupposes knowledge of fault, and is usually combined with judgment. It is a natural and involuntary feeling of pain, and is not the result of education, habit, or reflection, nor is it essentially a religious or moral duty. It is manifested in many
The term repentance is also applied to the displeasure felt when good intentions turn out to be ineffectual, and when toil and trouble are taken in vain. Here one can scarcely fail to feel that in some way he has discerned his ill success, but where one
really believes himself to be in the right, he should repent of no exertions undertaken in a good cause, nor should he be discouraged or disheartened from the pursuit of right aims. In the latter sense the Bible occasionally speaks of the repentance of God, as in the creation of man (Gen. vi. 6) and in making Saul king of Israel (
BIBLIOGRAPHY: The subject is, naturally, a frequent subject of pulpit discourse, and classic examples are: G. Whitefield, Works, vi. 3 sqq., London, 1771; J. Saurin, Sermons, Eng. transl. by R. Robinson, iii. 245 sqq., ib. 1812; T. Scott, Discourse upon Repentance, Works, i. 125 sqq., ib. 1823; S. Davies, Sermons on Important Subjects, iii. 462 sqq., New York, 1851; Consult also: J. Arndt, True Christianity; a Treatise on sincere Repentance, true Faith, etc., Philadelphia, 1868. It is usually treated in the works on dogmatic theology, e.g., W. G. T. Shedd, Dogmatic Theology, ii. 534 sqq., New York, 1889.
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