KENRICK, FRANCIS PATRICK: Archbishop of Baltimore; b. at Dublin, Ireland, Dec. 3, 1797; d. at Baltimore July 8, 1863. He received his theological training in the College of the Propaganda, Rome, and came to America, in 1821. He was the head of the Roman Catholic seminary at Bardstown, Ky., 1821-30, coadjutor bishop of Philadelphia 1830-42, bishop of Philadelphia 1842-51, and archbishop of Baltimore 1851-63. As apostolic delegate. he presided over the first plenary council of the United States, convened at Baltimore May, 1852 (see BALTIMORE COUNCILS); and in 1859 the pope conferred upon him and his successors the "primacy of honor" over other American archbishops. Besides polemical works, he wrote Theologia dogmatica (4 vols., Philadelphia, 1839-40; 2d ed., 3 vols., Mechlin, 1858), and Theologia moralia (3 vols., 1841-43; 2d ed., Mechlin, 1859). These volumes constitute a complete body of divinity, and are considered classical in the Roman Catholic seminaries of America. He also published an annotated and revised translation of the entire New Testament (2 vols., New York, 1849-1851), and of the Psalms, Book of Wisdom, and Canticles (Baltimore, 1857), Job and the Prophets (1859), the Pentateuch (1860), and historical books of the Old Testament (1862).
BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. J. O'Shea, The Two Kenricks, Philadelphia, 1904.
KENRICK, PETER RICHARD: Archbishop of St. Louis, brother of Francis Patrick Kenrick (q.v.); b. at Dublin, Ireland, Aug. 17, 1806; d. at St. Louis Mar. 4, 1996. He studied theology at Maynooth, came to Philadelphia in 1833, took charge of The Catholic Herald, and became pastor of the cathedral parish of Philadelphia in 1835. After having been for a time president of the diocesan seminary he became vicar-general about 1837. He was coadjutor bishop of St. Louis 1841-43, bishop 1843-47, and archbishop 1847-96. In the Vatican Council he opposed the dogma of papal infallibility, but accepted it when it was promulgated. Besides a number of translations, he published The Holy House of Loretto (Philadelphia, n.d.), and The Validity of Anglican Ordinations Examined (1841).
BIBUOGRAPHY: J. J. O'Shea, The Two Kenricks, Philadelphia, 1904.
KENT, CHARLES FOSTER: Congregationalist; b. at Palmyra, N. Y., Aug. 13, 1867. He was educated at Yale (B.A., 1889; Ph.D. 1891); Yale Divinity School (B.D., 1891), and the University of Berlin (1891-92). After being instructor in the University of Chicago (1893-95) and Professor of Biblical literature and history in Brown University (1895-1901), he became, in 1901, Woolsey professor
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