JONCCOURT, jan"cur', PIERRE DE: French Protestant; b. at Clermont-en-Beauvoisis (16 m. s.s.e. of Beauvais) c. 1650; d. at The Hague 1715. In 1678 he went from France to Holland and became pastor at Middelburg. In 1686 he was elected secretary of the Walloon Synod of Rotterdam. He was pastor at The Hague from 1699 till his death. His most important work is Entretiens sur les différentes méthodes d'expliquer l'Écriture (Amsterdam, 1707), in which he violently attacked the allegorical interpretation, which Cocceius had carried to its extreme limits. In the heat of the ensuing controversy Joncourt said certain things about Cocceius which the Synod of Nimeguen compelled him to retract in 1708.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: E. Haag, Hist. des dogmes, Paris, 1862; Lichtenberger, ESR, vii. 427-428.
JONES, JENKINS LLOYD: Independent; b. at Llandyssil (44 m. n.w. of Swansea), Cardiganshire, Wales, Nov. 14, 1843. He emigrated to the United States in childhood and was a farm hand until the age of nineteen. He served in the Union Army for three years, and soon after the close of the Civil War entered Meadville Theological School, from which he was graduated in 1870. He then entered the Unitarian ministry and was pastor of All Souls' Unitarian Church, Jaynesville, Wis., until 1879, being at the same time secretary of the Western Unitarian Conference. He also organized the Western Unitarian Sunday School Society, of which he was secretary for fourteen years. After leaving Jaynesville for Chicago he organized All Souls' Church, of which he has been pastor since 1882. In 1894 this society formally withdrew from all denominational affiliations to emphasize its independency. In 1894 he was one of the founders of the World's Parliament of Religions held in connection with the Chicago Exposition, and was secretary of the meetings of that congress, while as early as 1878 he had been one of the founders of Unity, which he has edited since 1879 and which is now the organ of the Congress of Religion movement. He likewise established the Abraham Lincoln Center, of which he is now superintendent, as well as the Chicago Browning Society, and has been first president of the Illinois State Conference of Charities, lecturer in English in the university extension course of the University of Chicago, and president of the Tower Hill Summer School of Literature and Religion. He was one of the organizers of the Municipal Voters' League of Chicago, and takes an active interest in all movements for the advancement of civil service, independency in politics, and similar aims. In theology he was a member of the radical wing of the Unitarians and sympathized and cooperated with the Free Religious Association and kindred organizations. He has now, however, renounced all vestiges of denominationalism. He has written: The Faith that makes Faithful (Chicago, 1886; in collaboration with W. C. Gannett); Practical Piety (1890); Word of the Spirit (1897); Bits of Wayside Gospel (2 vols., New York, 1899-1901); and Nuggets from a Welsh Mine (Chicago, 1902).
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