DYKES, JAMES OSWALD: English Presbyterian; b. at Port Glasgow (17 m. w.n.w. of Glasgow), Renfrewshire, Scotland, Aug. 14, 1835. He studied at the University of Edinburgh (M.A., 1854), New College, Edinburgh (1855-58), and the universities of Heidelberg (1856) and Erlangen (1857). He was minister of the Free Church of Scotland, East Kilbride, Lanarkshire, 1859-61 and assistant minister of Free St. George's, Edinburgh, 1861-65. He then resigned on account of ill health and spent three years without a charge in Melbourne, Australia, delivering occasional lectures and filling various temporary posts in the Presbyterian Church. After his return to England he was minister of Regent Square Church London, 1869-88, to 1907 principal and Barbour professor of theology in the College of the Presbyterian Church of England (Westminster College, Cambridge), since emeritus-principal. He was the chief author of the new creed adopted by the Presbyterian Church of England in 1890. He has written On the Written Word (London, 1868); Beatitudes of the Kingdom (1872); Laws of the Kingdom (1873); Relations of the Kingdom (1874); From Jerusalem to Antioch : Sketches of the Primitive Church (1874); Abraham the Friend of God (1877); Daily Prayers for the Household (1881); Sermons (1882); Laws of the Ten Words (1884); The Gospel according to St. Paul: Studies in the Epistle to the Romans (1888); and Plain Words on Great Themes (1892).
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