DONNELL, ROBERT: Cumberland Presbyterian; b. in Guilford County, N. C., Apr., 1784; d. at Athens, Ala., May 24, 1854. His parents early moved to Tennessee. He offered himself in 1806 to the so-called "Council" of the Cumberland Presbytery, who encouraged him to exercise his gifts as a catechist and exhorter. He preached independently of ecclesiastical connection, and for the most part in Alabama, until 1811, when he placed himself under the care of the newly organized Cumberland Presbytery. From that time on he labored incessantly, in Tennessee, Alabama, and western Pennsylvania, organizing many churches, and winning the position of a leader in his denomination. He was a member of the committee appointed in 1813 to draw up a confession of faith and discipline for the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. He was the author of Thoughts on Various Subjects (Nashville, 1852).
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Lowry, Life of Rev. Robert Donnell, Nashville, 1867; R. Beard, Biographical Sketches of Some of the Early Ministers of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, 2 vols., Nashville, 1867.
DONNELLAN (DONNELAN) LECTURES: A lectureship named after "Mrs. Anne Donnelan, of the parish of St. George, Hanover Square, in the County of Middlesex, Spinster," who bequeathed to Dublin University £1,243 "for the encouragement of religion, learning and good manners, the particular mode of application being entrusted to the Provost and Senior Fellows." The income was appropriated as salary of a lecturer in divinity, to be chosen annually on Nov. 20th from among the Fellows, at which time the subject was determined. The lectures in each series are not less than six in number, and one-half of the salary is paid on delivery of the lectures, the rest when at least four are published. During a number of years no appointments have been made, some of those made have been declined, and many of the lecturers have failed to publish. The following is believed to be a complete list of those which have appeared in print:
493 RELIGIOUS ENCYCLOPEDIA Doremns
is the Christ of Scripture, which alone enables the Christian to understand and
assert faith and the mystery of his new personality. Justification, he used to
say, is the only completed fact in the Christian; everything else is growth.
3. Later Life. In
In 1843 Dorner
became professor at Königsberg, in 1847 at
4. Dorner's Theology. His Personality.
Dr. Dorner was
one of the profoundest and most learned theologians of the nineteenth century,
and ranks with Schleiermacher, Neander,
Nitzsch, Julius Müller, and
Richard Rothe. He mastered the theology of Schleiermacher and the philosophy of Hegel, appropriated
the best elements of both, and infused into them a positive Evangelical faith
and a historical spirit. The central idea of his system was the divine-human
personality of Christ, as the highest revelation of God, the perfect ideal of
humanity, and the Savior from sin and death. The primary postulate of faith in
regard to the Redeemer is that he was free from sin and not himself in need of
redemption. From this, faith proceeds to the supernatural origin of his person.
Christ is the center of humanity, and not merely an individual. God's
indwelling in him was not merely a dynamic divine immanence, but a personal
self-communication of God. In him the divine and human natures were united.
This union involved no diminution of the Logos. The kenosis of the Logos is to
be thought of as a self-humiliation in love to meet the needs of mankind. Dorner's theology is preeminently Christological, and his
monumental history of Christology is a rich mine of accurate and extensive
scholarship and Christian experience. He lectured on exegesis, on New Testament
theology, on symbolics, but more especially on dogmatics and ethics, in which he excelled all his
contemporaries. He was one of the revisers of Luther's Bible, and proposed a
correspondence with the Anglo-American revision committee, while in
5. His Works.
important publications not already mentioned were as follows: Der Pietismus,
gelischen Landeskirchen im Zusammenhang mit der Herstellung einer evangeliseh-deut-schen Nationalkirche (
A System of Christian Doctrine, 4 vols., Edinburgh, 1880,82; the eschatological portion, advocating the doctrine of a future probation, was edited, with introduction and notes, by Newman Smyth under the title Dorner on the Future State, New York, 1883); Gesammelte Sehriften auf dem Gebiet der systematischen Theologie, Exegese and Gesehichte (Berlin, 1883; contains valuable metaphysical essays on the unchangeability of God, and criticism of the kenosis theory of the incarnation); System der christlichen Sittenlehre (Berlin, 1885, edited by his son, A. J. Dorner; Eng. transl., System of Christian Ethics, Edinburgh, 1887). A collection of letters between Dorner and his lifelong friend, Bishop H. L. Mar
tensen, appeared after his death (2 vols.,
DOROTHEA: 1. St. Dorothea is
said to have been a virgin of Cæsarea in
to the Orient, and accordingly seems to be merely legendary. A Dorothea who was "a virgin consecrated to God" is also mentioned by Rufinus (Hist. eccl., viii. 17), who states that she escaped by flight from the persecutions of Maximinus.
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