CAMERLINGO (CAMERLENGO). See CURIA, § 1.
CAMERON, GEORGE GORDON: Free Church of Scotland; b. at Pluscarden (a village near Elgin, 71 m. n.w. of Aberdeen), Elginshire, Sept. 13, 1836. He was educated at University and King's College, Aberdeen (M.A., 1860), Free Church College, Aberdeen (1860-62), and New College, Edinburgh (1863-65). He was a tutor on the Continent in 1862--63 and in 1865-66 was assistant minister in Leghorn, Italy. He was then assistant minister in Dundee, Scotland, for a year and at Kuthrieston, Aberdeen, in 1867-69, and after another year as temporary professor of Hebrew in Free Church College in 1869-70 was assistant minister for brief periods at St. Andrews, Edinburgh, London, and North Leith in 1870-71. In the latter year he was ordained associate minister of St. John's Free Church, Glasgow, and retained this position until 1882, when he was appointed to the chair of Old Testament language and literature in the United Free Church College, Aberdeen, where he still remains. He is a member of various committees for the general work of his sect, and has written, in addition to contributions to periodicals, Memorials of John Roxburgh (Glasgow, 1881).
CAMERON (CAMERO), JOHN:
Scottish theologian; b. at Glasgow c. 1579; d. at Montauban,
France, 1625. He studied at Glasgow and began
to give lessons in Greek there at the age of twenty.
In 1600 he went to Bordeaux and was soon appointed
professor of the humanities at Bergerac.
From 1601 to 1603 he was professor of divinity at
Sédan. Then he returned to Bordeaux and received
a scholarship enabling him to complete his
theological studies. He became tutor in the family
of Calignon and went with his pupils to Paris,
Geneva, and Heidelberg. At the university of the
last-named place on Apr. 4, 1608, he supported in a
public discussion theses de triplici Dei cum homine
fdere. Later in the same year he became
a minister at Bordeaux and had great success as
a preacher. When the Protestants were driven
from the town after eight years he took refuge at
Tonneins. He was appointed professor at the
Academy of Saumur in 1618. In 1620 he participated
in a discussion at Orléans with Tilenus, formerly professor at Sédan, and controverted his
Arminian propositions. In 1622 James I. of England
called him to London and appointed him
principal and professor of theology at Glasgow.
But the jealousy of many of his colleagues forced
him to leave his native town and in 1623 he returned
to Saumur. The following year the king
authorized him to teach at Montauban. He arrived
there at a time when there was violent contention
on the question of obedience to the king
and took sides with the party of passive obedience.
On May 15, 1625, he was injured in a public tumult
and died in consequence a few months later.
His works are: Discours apologéique pour ceux de
la religion réformmée (Bergerac, 1614); Traité auquel
sont examinés les préjugés de ceux de l'Église romaine
contre la religion réformée (La Rochelle,
1616; Eng. transl., Oxford, 1624); Theses de gratia
et libero arbitrio (Saumur, 1618); Amica collatio de
grati et human voluntatis concursu in vocatione
(Leyden, 1621); Defensio sententi de gratia et libero
arbitrio (Saumur, 1624); and Prlectiones (3 vols.,
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Sources for a life are: the memoir by Cappel prefixed to Cameron's Opera, Geneva, 1642; Robert Baillie, Letters and Journals, passim, 2 vols., Edinburgh, 1775. Consult also: D. Irving, Scottish Writers, i. 333-346, London, 1850; R. Chambers, Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotchmen, i. 273-275. Edinburgh, 1868; DNB, viii. 295-296.
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