BUTLER, HENRY MONTAGUE: Master of Trinity College, Cambridge; b. at Gayton (4 m. n. of Towcester), Northampton, July 2, 1833. He was educated at Trinity College (B.A., 1855), and was ordained priest in 1859. He was fellow of his college in 1855-60, and was head master of Harrow School from 1859 to 1885. He was honorary chaplain to the queen in 1875-77 and chaplain in ordinary in 1877-85, as well as examining chaplain to archbishops Tait and Benson of Canterbury from 1879 to 1887. He was also prebendary of Holborn in St. Paul's Cathedral in 1882-85, dean of Gloucester in 1885-86, and vice-chancellor of Cambridge in 1889-91. Since 1886 he has been master of Trinity College, and honorary canon of Ely since 1898. He was select preacher at Oxford in 1877-78, 1878-80, 1882, and 1899, and at Cambridge in 1879, 1885, 1893, 1896-98, 1901, and 1903, while in 1871 he was created a commander of the Order of the Crown of Italy. He is also a governor of Haileybury College, Harrow School, Cheltenham College, Wellington College, and Westminster School, and has written: Sermons preached in the Chapel of Harrow School (2 vols., London, 1861-69); Belief in Christ and other Sermons preached in Trinity College (1898); "Lift up your Hearts": Words of Good Cheer for the Holy Communion (1898); University and other Sermons (1899); and Public School Sermons (1899).
BUTLER, JAMES GLENTWORTH: Presbyterian; b. at Brooklyn, N. Y., Aug. 3, 1821. He was educated at New York University (did not graduate), Union Theological Seminary (1846-47), and Yale Divinity School, being graduated from the latter in 1849. After being a resident licentiate at the same institution in 1849-50, he was ordained to the Presbyterian ministry late in 1852 and was pastor of the Walnut Street Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia, Pa., until 1868. He was then elected corresponding secretary of the American and Foreign Christian Union, a position which he retained three years, after which he was pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, Brooklyn, for two years (1871-73). In 1874 he retired from the active ministry, and has since lived the life of a private scholar. In addition to a number of briefer contributions, he prepared The Bible Reader's Commentary, New Testament (2 vols., New York, 1879), which was afterward enlarged under the title Bible Work (11 vols., 1892) and made to include the Old Testament; and Vital Truths respecting God and Man (Philadelphia, 1904).
BUTLER, JOHN GEORGE: Lutheran; b. at Cumberland, Md., Jan. 28, 1826. He was educated at Pennsylvania College (1846) and Gettysburg Theological Seminary, Gettysburg, Pa (1847-1849), and was pastor of St. Paul's English Lutheran Church, Washington, D. C., from 1849 to 1873. Since the latter year he has been pastor of the Luther Place Memorial Church in the same city. He also served throughout the Civil War as a chaplain is and near Washington, was chaplain of the House of Representatives from 1869 to 1875, and of the Senate from 1866 to 1893. He was likewise professor of homiletics and church history in Howard University, Washington, from 1871 to 1891, and for many years was Washington correspondent of the Lutheran's Observer and the Lutheran Evangelist, and has also been the editor of the latter paper since 1893.
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