BROWN, JOHN NEWTON: American Baptist; b. at New London, Conn., June 29, 1803; d. at Germantown, Penn., May 15, 1868. He was graduated at Hamilton Institute (Colgate University), Hamilton, N. Y., 1823; preached at Buffalo, N. Y., Providence, R. I, Malden, Mass., and Exeter, N. H.; was professor of theology and church history in the New Hampton (New Hampshire) Theological Institution, 1838-45; pastor at Lexington, Va., 1845-49; editorial secretary of the American Baptist Publication Society 1849 till his death. He prepared (1833) and revised (1852) the "New Hampshire [Baptist] Confession of Faith." His most important literary work was the Encyclopdia of Religious Knowledge (Brattleboro, 1835).
BROWN, PETER HUME: Scotch historian, layman; b. at Haddington (18 m. e. of Edinburgh), Haddingtonshire, Dec. 17, 1850. He was educated at Edinburgh University (M.A., 1873), and had originally intended to enter the Church. He gave up this plan, however, and ultimately turned his attention to history. In 1898 he was made editor of the Register of the Privy Council of Scotland, and three years later was appointed to his present position of professor of ancient (Scottish) history and paleography in the University of Edinburgh. He has written: George Buchanan, Humanist and Reformer (Edinburgh, 1890); Early Travellers in Scotland (London, 1891); Scotland before 1700, from Contemporary Documents (Edinburgh, 1893); John Knox: a Biography (2 vols., 1895); History of Scotland (2 vols., Cambridge, 1898-1902); Scotland in the time of Queen Mary (Rhind Lectures for 1903; London, 1904); and George Buchanan and his Times (1906).
BROWN, PHBE ALLEN (HINSDALE): Hymnwriter; b. at Canaan, Columbia County, N. Y.,
May 1, 1783; d. at Marshall, Henry County, Ill.,
Oct. 10, 1861. She was left an orphan at the age
of two, and in early life suffered great hardship
and even cruel treatment at the hands of strangers;
she first learned to write at the age of eighteen.
In 1805 she married Timothy Brown (d. 1853)
and moved to East Windsor, Conn. In 1813 the
family went to the neighboring village of Ellington,
and in 1818 to Monson, Mass. Her husband was
a village mechanic, the family was poor, and her
life was hampered by care; nevertheless she read
much, kept up systematic Bible study, and found
money to devote to Christian work, especially to
the cause of missions. She wrote for her own
amusement, but published newspaper articles,
tracts, and a volume of tales, The Tree and its
Fruits (New York, 1836); she left an autobiography
in manuscript. Her best known hymn,
BIBLIOGRAPHY: F. M. Bird, in The Independent for Jan. 6, Jan. 20, and April 14, 1881; S. W. Duffield, English Hymns, pp. 242-246, New York, 1886 (gives original text of the hymn mentioned in the text); Julian, Hymnology, p. 185.
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