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Section XLVIII.

[1] 33093309    John xviii. 1.This said Jesus, and went forth with his disciples to a place which was called Gethsemane,33103310    Matt. xxvi. 36. on33113311    Vat. ms. has and on. the side that is in the plain33123312    The word rendered plain (cf. Dozy, Supplement, sub voc.), which occurs also in the text of Ibn-at-Tayyib (loc. cit., f. 362b), properly means lake.  The word in the Jerusalem Lectionary means valley as well as stream.  For the whole clause cf. the text of John xviii. in Die vier Evangelien, arabisch, aus der Wiener Handschrift, edited by P. de Lagarde, 1864. of Kidron, the mountain,33133313    cf. Sinaitic Syriac and Luke xxii. 39. the place [2] in which was a garden; and he entered thither, he and his disciples.  33143314    John xviii. 2.And Judas the [3] betrayer knew that place:  for Jesus oft-times met with his disciples there.  33153315    Luke xxii. 40a; Matt. xxvi. 36b.And when Jesus came to the place, he said to his disciples, Sit ye here, so that I may go and pray; [4, 5] [Arabic, p. 181] and pray ye, that ye enter not into temptations.  33163316    Luke xxii. 40b; Matt. xxvi. 37.And he took with him Cephas and the sons of Zebedee together, James and John; and he began to [6] look sorrowful, and to be anxious.  33173317    Matt. xxvi. 38.And he said unto them, My soul is distressed unto [7] death:  abide ye here, and watch with me.  33183318    Luke xxii. 41a.And he withdrew from them a little, [8] the space of a stone’s throw; 33193319    Mark xiv. 35b.and he kneeled,33203320    Lit. fell on his knees. and fell on his face, and prayed, so [9] that, if it were possible, this hour might pass33213321    Lit. let this hour pass.  The Borg. ms. omits him. him.  33223322    Mark xiv. 36a.And he said, Father, thou art able for all things; if thou wilt, let this cup pass me:  33233323    Luke xxii. 42b.but let not my will be done, [10] but let thy will be done33243324    Matt. xxvi. 40a; Mark xiv. 37b.And he came to his disciples, and found them sleeping; [11] and he said unto Cephas, Simon, didst thou sleep?  33253325    Matt. xxvi. 40b.Could ye thus not for one hour [12] watch with me?  33263326    Matt. xxvi. 41a; Matt. xiv. 38b.Watch and pray, that ye enter not into temptations:  the spirit is [13] willing and ready, but the body is weak.33273327    Lit. diseased.  The Arabic word is rare in the sense required by the context (cf. Pesh.).  33283328    Matt. xxvi. 42.And he went again a second time, and prayed, and said, My Father, if it is not possible with regard to33293329    This reading would perhaps more easily arise out of the Sinaitic than out of the Peshitta. this cup that it pass, [14] except I drink it, thy will be done33303330    Mark xiv. 40.And he returned again, and found his disciples sleeping, for their eyes were heavy from their grief and anxiety; and they knew not [15] what to say to him.  33313331    Matt. xxvi. 44.And he left them, and went away again, and prayed a third [16] time, and said the very same word.  33323332    Luke xxii. 43.And there appeared unto him an angel from [17] heaven, encouraging him.  33333333    Luke xxii. 44.And being afraid33343334    cf. Peshitta.  Or, And although he was afraid. he prayed continuously:33353335    The Peshitta (hardly Cur.) is capable of this interpretation.  and his sweat33363336    cf. Syr., especially Peshitta. [18] [Arabic, p. 182] became like a stream of blood, and fell on the ground.  33373337    Luke xxii. 45a.Then he rose from [19] his prayer, and came to his disciples, and found them sleeping.  33383338    Luke xxii. 46; Matt. xxvi. 45b.And he [20] said unto them, Sleep now, and rest:  33393339    Mark xiv. 41b.the end hath arrived,33403340    cf. Syr., especially Peshitta. and the hour hath come; [21] and behold, the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.  33413341    Mark xiv. 42a; Matt. xxvi. 46b.Arise, let us go:33423342    cf. § 4, 20, note.  for he hath come that betrayeth me.

[22] 33433343    Matt. xxvi. 47.And while he was still speaking, came Judas the betrayer, one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude carrying lanterns and torches33443344    John xviii. 3. and swords and staves, from the chief priests and scribes and elders of the people, and with him the footsoldiers [23] of the Romans.33453345    cf. John xviii. 3 (Jerusalem Lectionary).  In Syriac Romans means soldiers.  The Arabic footsoldiers might be man (singular).  33463346    Matt. xxvi. 48; Mark xiv. 44b.And Judas the betrayer gave them a sign, and said, He whom I shall kiss, he is he:  take him with care,33473347    cf. Syriac versions.  Obviously we must supply a diacritical point over the last radical, or read the middle one as dhal. and lead him away.33483348    Lit. him to —.  Borg. ms. probably means bear him away.

118[24] 33493349    John xviii. 4a.And Jesus, because he knew everything that should come upon him, went forth [25] unto them.  33503350    Matt. xxvi. 49; Matt. xxvi. 50a.And immediately Judas the betrayer came to Jesus, and said, Peace, [26] my Master; and kissed him.  33513351    Luke xxii. 48b.And Jesus said unto him, Judas, with a kiss betrayest [27] thou the Son of man?  33523352    Matt. xxvi. 50b; Luke xxii. 52a, c.Was it for that thou camest, my friend?  And Jesus said [28] to those that came unto him, Whom seek ye?  33533353    John xviii. 4b; John xviii. 5.They said unto him, Jesus the Nazarene.  Jesus said unto them, I am he.  And Judas the betrayer also was standing [29] with them.  33543354    John xviii. 6.And when Jesus said unto them, I am he, they retreated backward, and [30] fell to the ground.  33553355    John xviii. 7.And Jesus asked them again, Whom seek ye?  They answered, [31] Jesus the Nazarene.  33563356    John xviii. 8.Jesus said unto them, I told you that I am he:  and if ye seek [32] me, let these go away:  that the word might be fulfilled which he spake, 33573357    John xviii. 9.Of those [33] [Arabic, p. 183] whom thou hast given me I lost not even one.  33583358    Matt. xxvi. 50c.Then came those that were with Judas, and seized Jesus, and took him.

[34] 33593359    Luke xxii. 49.And when his disciples saw what happened, they said, Our Lord, shall we smite [35] them with swords?  33603360    John xviii. 10.And Simon Cephas had a sword, and he drew it, and struck the servant of the chief priest, and cut off his right ear.  And the name of that servant [36] was Malchus.  33613361    John xviii. 11a.Jesus said unto Cephas, The cup which my Father hath given [37] me, shall I not drink it?  33623362    John xviii. 11c; Matt. xxvi. 52b.Put the sword into its sheath:  for all that take with33633363    Withis doubtless an accidental repetition of by (the same Arabic particle) in the next clause. the [38] sword shall die by the sword.  33643364    Matt. xxvi. 53.Thinkest33653365    The introductory interrogative particle may represent an original Or. thou that I am not able to ask of my [39] Father, and he shall now raise up for me more than33663366    Vat. ms. omits than, and has more only in the margin by another hand. twelve tribes of angels?  33673367    Matt. xxvi. 54.Then [40] how should the scriptures which were spoken be fulfilled, that thus it must be?  33683368    Luke xxii. 51b.Your [41] leave in this.33693369    The phrase is awkward.  The rendering is different in the text (f. 292a, cf. Lagarde, Die vier Evv.), and yet again in the comment (f. 293a) of Ibn-at-Tayyib’s Commentary.  33703370    Matt. xxvi. 55.And he touched the ear of him that was struck, and healed it.  And in that hour Jesus said to the multitudes, As they come out against a thief are ye come out against me with swords and staves to take me?  Daily was I with you in [42] the temple sitting teaching, and ye took me not:  33713371    Luke xxii. 53b.but this is your hour, and the power [43] of darkness.  33723372    Matt. xxvi. 56.And that was, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled.

[44] 33733373    John xviii. 12a.Then the disciples all left him, and fled.  And the footsoldiers and the officers [45] and the soldiers33743374    cf. § 11, 11. of the Jews seized Jesus, and came.  33753375    Mark xiv. 51.And a certain33763376    Lit. one. young man [46] followed him, and he was wrapped in a towel, naked:  33773377    Mark xiv. 52.and they seized him; so he [47] [Arabic, p. 184] left the towel, and fled naked.  33783378    John xviii. 12b; John xviii. 13.Then they took Jesus, and bound him, and brought him to Annas first; because he was the father in law of Caiaphas, [48] who was chief priest that year.  33793379    John xviii. 14.And Caiaphas was he that counselled the Jews, that it was necessary that one man should die instead of the people.

[49] 33803380    John xviii. 15.And Simon Cephas and one of the other disciples followed Jesus.  And the chief [50] priest knew that disciple, and he entered with Jesus into the court; 33813381    John xviii. 16.but Simon was standing without at the door.  And that other disciple, whom the chief priest knew, [51] went out and spake unto her that kept the door, and she brought Simon in.  33823382    John xviii. 17a.And when the maid that kept the door saw Simon, she looked stedfastly at him, and said unto him, Art not thou also one of the disciples of this man, I mean Jesus the [52] Nazarene?  33833383    Luke xxii. 57; Mark xiv. 68b.But he denied, and said, Woman, I know him not, neither know I even [53] what thou sayest.  33843384    John xviii. 18a.And the servants and the soldiers rose, and made a fire in the [54] middle of the court, that they might warm themselves; for it was cold.  33853385    Luke xxii. 55a.And when [55] the fire burned up, they sat down around it.  33863386    John xviii. 18c; Matt. xxvi. 58b.And Simon also came, and sat down with them to warm himself, that he might see the end of what should happen.

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