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THE JEWISH YEAR.

Month of

Sacred Year.

Civil Year.

Name.

IS

£o

English Months.

Products.

Jewish

Festivals.

I.

VII.

Abib, or Nisan (Exod. xii. 2; xiii. 4).

30

March, April.

Barley ripe. Fig in blossom.

Passover. Unleavened Bread.

II.

VIII.

Iyar, or Zif.

29

April and May.

Barley harvest.

III.

IX.

Sivan.

30

May and June.

Wheat harvest.

Pentecost.

IV.

X.

Thammuz.

29

June, July.

Early vintage.

V.

XL

Ab (Ezra vii. 9).

30

July, August.

Ripe figs.

VI.

XII.

Elul (Neh. vi. 15).

29

August, Sept.

General vintage.

/Feast of Trum-

VII.

I.

Tisri (1 Kings viii. 2).

30

Sept., Oct.

Ploughing and

) pets. Atonement.

Sowing.

i Feast of Taber-

V nacles.

VIII.

II.

Bui (1 Kings vi. 38).

29

Oct., Nw.

Latter grapes.

IX.

III.

Chisleu (Zech. vii. 1).

30

Nov., Dec.

Snow.

Dedication.

X.

IV.

Tebeth(Esth.ii. 16).

29

Dec,Jan.

Grass after rain.

XI.

V.

Shebat (Zech. i. 7).

30

Jan., Feb. '

Winter fig.

XII.

VI.

Adar (Ezra vi. 15).

29

Feb., March.

Almond blossom.

Purim.

XIII.

Ve-Adar, Intercalary.

N.B.—The Sacred year was reckoned from the moon after the vernal equinox.

The Civil year began in September (the fruitless part of the year). The prophets speak of the sacred year; those engaged in secular pursuits, of the civil year. The year was divided into 12 lunar months, with a thirteenth, or intercalary month, every third year.

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