Isa 32:1-20. Messiah's
Kingdom; Desolations, to Be Succeeded by Lasting Peace, the Spirit
Having Been Poured Out.
The times of purity and happiness which shall follow
the defeat of the enemies of Jehovah's people (Isa 32:1-8). The period of wrath before that
happy state (Isa 32:9-14). The assurance of the final prosperity
of the Church is repeated (Isa 32:15-20).
1. king—not Hezekiah, who was already on
the throne, whereas a future time is contemplated. If he be
meant at all, it can only be as a type of Messiah the King, to whom
alone the language is fully applicable (Ho 3:5; Zec 9:9; see on Isa
11:3-5). The kingdom shall be transferred from the world kings, who
have exercised their power against God, instead of for
God, to the rightful King of kings (Eze 21:27; Da 7:13, 14).
princes—subordinate; referring to all
in authority under Christ in the coming kingdom on earth, for example,
the apostles, &c. (Lu 22:30; 1Co 6:2;
2Ti 2:12; Re 2:26, 27; 3:21).
2. a man—rather, the man Christ
[Lowth]; it is as "the Son of man" He is
to reign, as it was as Son of man He suffered (Mt 26:64;
Joh 5:27; 19:5). Not as Maurer explains, "every one of the
princes shall be," &c.
rivers—as refreshing as water and the
cool shade are to the heated traveller (Isa 35:6, 7; 41:18).
3. them that see—the seers or
them that hear—the people under
instruction (Isa 35:5, 6).
4. rash—rather, "the hasty"; contrast
"shall not make haste" (Isa 28:16);
the reckless who will not take time to weigh religious truth aright. Or
else, the well-instructed [Horsley].
stammers—those who speak confusedly on
divine things (compare Ex 4:10-12; Jer 1:6; Mt 10:19,
20). Or, rather, those
drunken scorners who in stammering style imitated Isaiah's
warnings to mock them [Maurer] (Isa 28:7-11, 13, 14, 22; 29:20); in this view, translate, "speak
uprightly" (agreeably to the divine law); not as English
Version, referring to the distinctness of articulation,
5. vile—rather, "fool" [Lowth]; that is, ungodly (Ps 14:1;
churl—rather, "fraudulent" [Gesenius].
bountiful—religiously. The atheistic
churl, who envies the believer his hope "full of immortality," shall no
longer be held as a patriot struggling for the emancipation of mankind
from superstition [Horsley].
6. vile … villainy—rather, "the
(irreligious) fool … (his) folly."
will speak—rather, "present"; for (so
far is the "fool" from deserving the epithet "noble-minded") the fool
"speaketh" folly and "worketh," &c.
hypocrisy—rather, "profligacy" [Horsley].
error—impiety, perverse arguments.
hungry—spiritually (Mt 5:6).
7. churl—"the fraudulent"; this verse
refers to the last clause of Isa 32:5; as Isa 32:6 referred to its first clause.
speaketh right—pleadeth a just cause
29:21); spiritually, "the
poor man's cause" is the divine doctrine, his rule of faith and
8. liberal—rather, "noble-minded."
stand—shall be approved under the
government of the righteous King.
9-20. Address to the women of Jerusalem who
troubled themselves little about the political signs of the times, but
lived a life of self-indulgence (Isa 3:16-23); the failure of food through the
devastations of the enemy is here foretold, being what was most likely
to affect them as mothers of families, heretofore accustomed to every
luxury. Vitringa understands
"women—daughters" as the cities and villages of Judea (Eze
16:1-63). See Am 6:1.
10. Many days and years—rather, "In
little more than a year" [Maurer];
literally, "days upon a year" (so Isa 29:1).
vintage shall fail—through the arrival
of the Assyrian invader. As the wheat harvest is omitted, Isaiah must
look for the invasion in the summer or autumn of 714 B.C., when the wheat would have been secured
already, and the later fruit "gathering," and vintage would be still in
11. strip you—of your gay clothing. (See
12. lament for … teats—rather,
shall smite on their breasts in lamentation "for thy pleasant fields"
(Na 2:7) [Maurer]. "Teats" in English Version is used
for fertile lands, which, like breasts, nourish life. The
transition from "ye" to "they" (Isa 32:11, 12) is frequent.
13. (Isa 5:6; 7:23).
houses of joy—pleasure-houses outside
of Jerusalem, not Jerusalem itself, but other cities destroyed by
Sennacherib in his march (Isa 7:20-25). However, the prophecy, in its full
accomplishment, refers to the utter desolation of Judea and its
capital by Rome, and subsequently, previous to the second coming
of the King (Ps 118:26; Lu 13:35; 19:38); "the joyous city" is in this view,
Jerusalem (Isa 22:2).
14. palaces—most applicable to Jerusalem
(see on Isa 32:13).
multitude … left—the noisy din
of the city, that is, the city with its noisy multitude shall lie
forts—rather, "Ophel" (that is, the
mound), the term applied specially to the declivity on the east of
Zion, surrounded with its own wall (2Ch 27:3; 33:14; 2Ki
5:24), and furnished with
"towers" (or watchtowers), perhaps referred to here (Ne 3:26, 27).
for ever—limited by thee, "until,"
&c., Isa 32:15,
for a long time.
15. This can only partially apply to the
spiritual revival in Hezekiah's time; its full accomplishment belongs
to the Christian dispensation, first at Pentecost (Joe 2:28; Ac
2:17), perfectly in coming
times (Ps 104:30; Eze 36:26; 39:29; Zec
12:10), when the Spirit shall
be poured on Israel, and through it on the Gentiles (Mic 5:7).
wilderness … fruitful field …
forest—when Judea, so long waste, shall be populous and
fruitful, and the land of the enemies of God shall be desolate. Or,
"the field, now fruitful, shall be but as a barren forest in comparison
with what it shall be then" (Isa 29:17). The barren shall become fruitful by
regeneration; those already regenerate shall bring forth fruits in such
abundance that their former life shall seem but as a wilderness where
no fruits were.
fruitful field—then become more
fruitful (Isa 32:15);
thus "wilderness" and "fruitful field" include the whole land of
17. work—the effect (Pr 14:34; Jas
peace—internal and external.
18. sure … quiet—free from fear of
19. Literally, "But it shall hail with coming
down of the forest, and in lowness shall the city (Nineveh) be brought
low; that is, humbled." The "hail" is Jehovah's wrathful visitation
(Isa 30:30; 28:2, 17). The "forest" is the Assyrian host,
dense as the trees of a forest (Isa 10:18, 19, 33, 34;
20. While the enemy shall be brought "low,"
the Jews shall cultivate their land in undisturbed prosperity.
all waters—well-watered places (Isa 30:25). The Hebrew translation,
"beside," ought rather to be translated, "upon" (Ec 11:1), where the meaning is, "Cast thy seed
upon the waters when the river overflows its banks; the seed will sink
into the mud and will spring up when the waters subside, and you will
find it after many days in a rich harvest." Before sowing, they send
oxen, &c., into the water to tread the ground for sowing. Castalio thinks there is an allusion to the
Mosaic precept, not to plough with an ox and ass together, mystically
implying that the Jew was to have no intercourse with Gentiles; the
Gospel abolishes this distinction (Col 3:11); thus the sense here is, Blessed are ye
that sow the gospel seed without distinction of race in the teachers or
the taught. But there is no need of supposing that the ox and ass here
are yoked together; they are probably "sent forth" separately,
as in Isa