The Chief Strength of the Egyptian Armies Lay
in Their Cavalry.
1. and stay on horses, and trust in
chariots—In their level and fertile plains horses could
easily be used and fed (Ex 14:9; 1Ki 10:28). In hilly Palestine horses were not so
easily had or available. The Jews were therefore the more eager to get
Egyptian chariots as allies against the Assyrian cavalry. In Assyrian
sculptures chariots are represented drawn by three horses, and with
three men in them (see Isa 36:9; Ps 20:7; Da 9:13).
2. he also is wise—as well as the
Egyptian priests, so famed for wisdom (Ac 7:22), but who are "fools" before Him (Isa 19:11). He not only devises, but
executes what He devises without "calling back His words" (Nu 23:19).
home—the whole race.
help—the Egyptian succor sought by the
3. not spirit—not of divine power (Ps
56:4; 146:3, 5; Zec 4:6).
he that helpeth—Egypt.
4. (Isa 42:13; Ho 11:10).
roaring on—"growling over" his
abase himself—be disheartened or
5. As in the image of "the lion," the point of
comparison is the fearless might of Jehovah; so in that of the birds,
it is His solicitous affection (De 32:11; Ps 91:4; Mt
flying—Rather, "which defend" their
young with their wings; "to fly" is a secondary meaning of the
Hebrew word [Maurer]. "Hovering
over" to protect their young [G. V.
passing over—as the destroying angel
passing over, so as to spare the blood-marked houses of the
Israelites on the first passover (Ex 12:13, 23, 27). He passed, or leaped forward
[Lowth], to destroy the enemy and
to spare His people.
6. The power and love of Jehovah, just
mentioned, are the strongest incentives for returning to Him (Eze
16:62, 63; Ho 6:1).
ye … Israel—The change of person
marks that when they return to the Lord, He will address them in more
direct terms of communion in the second person; so long as they were
revolters, God speaks of them, as more at a distance, in
the third person, rather than to them.
7. In the day of trial the idols will be found
to render no help and will therefore be cast away. Compare as to the
future restoration and conversion of Israel simultaneously with the
interposition of Jehovah in its defense, Zec 12:9-14; 13:1, 2.
for a sin—that is, whereby especially
you contracted guilt (1Ki 12:30).
8. Assyrian—Sennacherib, representative
of some powerful head of the ungodly in the latter ages [Horsley].
sword, not of … mighty … mean
man—but by the unseen sword of God.
flee—Sennacherib alone fled
homewards after his army had been destroyed (Isa 37:37).
young men—the flower of his army.
discomfited—rather, "shall be subject
to slavery"; literally, "shall be liable to tribute," that is, personal
service (De 20:11; Jos 9:21) [Maurer]. Or, not so well, "shall melt away" [Rosenmuller].
9. Rather, "shall pass beyond his
strongholds"; he Shall not stop to take refuge in it through fear
(Jud 20:47; Jer 48:28) [Gesenius].
ensign—the banner of Jehovah
protecting the Jews [Maurer].
fire … furnace—"light" and
"fire," namely, of Jehovah's altar at Jerusalem (Isa 29:1). Perhaps "furnace," as distinguished
from "fire," may mean that His dwelling-place (His hearth) was
at Jerusalem (compare Isa 4:5); or
else the fiery furnace awaiting all the enemies who should