Isa 26:1-21. Connected with
the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth Chapters. Song of Praise of Israel
after Being Restored to Their Own Land.
As the overthrow of the apostate faction is described
in the twenty-fifth chapter, so the peace of the faithful is here
described under the image of a well-fortified city.
1. strong city—Jerusalem, strong in
Jehovah's protection: type of the new Jerusalem (Ps 48:1-3), contrasted with the overthrow of the
ungodly foe (Isa 26:4-7, 12-14; Re 22:2,
salvation … walls—(Isa
60:18; Jer 3:23; Zec 2:5).
Maurer translates, "Jehovah makes His
help serve as walls" (Isa 33:20, 21, &c.).
bulwarks—the trench with the antemural
earthworks exterior to the wall.
2. Address of the returning people to the
gates of Jerusalem (type of the heavenly city, Heb 12:22); (Ps 24:7, 9; 118:19). Antitypically (Re 22:14;
righteous nation—that had not
apostatized during the captivity. Horsley translates, "The nation of the Just One,"
namely, the Jews.
3. mind … stayed—(Ps 112:7, 8). Jesus can create "perfect peace"
within thy mind, though storms of trial rage without (Isa 57:19; Mr
4:39); as a city kept
securely by a strong garrison within, though besieged without (so Php 4:7). "Keep," literally, "guard as
with a garrison." Horsley translates,
(God's) workmanship (the Hebrew does not probably mean "mind,"
but "a thing formed," Eph 2:10), so constantly "supported"; or else
"formed and supported (by Thee) Thou shalt preserve (it, namely, the
righteous nation) in perpetual peace."
4. Lord Jehovah—Hebrew, Jah, Jehovah. The
union of the two names expresses in the highest degree God's unchanging
love and power (compare Ps 68:4).
This passage, and Isa 12:2; Ex 6:3; Ps 83:18, are the four in which the English
Version retains the Jehovah of the
original. Maurer translates, "For Jah (the eternal unchangeable One, Ex 3:14) is Jehovah, the rock of ages" (compare Isa
45:17; De 32:15; 1Sa 2:2).
5. lofty city—Babylon; representative of
the stronghold of the foes of God's people in all ages (Isa 25:2, 12;
6. poor—(Isa 25:4), the once afflicted Jewish captives.
"Foot shall tread," is figurative for exulting in the fall of
God's enemies (Re 18:20).
7. uprightness—rather, "is direct," that
is, is directed by God to a prosperous issue, however many be
their afflictions in the meantime (as in the case of the Jewish
exiles); the context requires this sense (Ps 34:19;
Pr 3:6; 11:5), [Maurer]: thus "way" means God's dealings with the
righteous (Ps 37:23).
most upright—(De 32:4).
dost weigh—(1Sa 2:3; Pr
5:21). Rather, "thou dost
make plain and level" [Maurer], removing
all obstacles (Isa 40:3, 4).
8. way of thy judgments—We have waited
for Thy proceeding to punish the enemy (Isa 26:9, 10) [Maurer]. Horsley
translates Isa 26:7, 8, "The path of the Just One is
perfectly even; an even road Thou wilt level for the Just One, even
the path of Thy laws, O Jehovah. We have expected Thee."
name … remembrance—the
manifested character of God by which He would be
remembered (Isa 64:5; Ex 3:15).
9. With, … soul …
I—literally, "I … my soul," in apposition; the faithful
Jews here speak individually. The overthrow of the foe and the
restoration of the Jews are to follow upon prayer on the part of
the latter and of all God's people (Isa 62:1-4, 6, 7; Ps
in the night—(Ps 63:6; So
world … learn …
righteousness—the remnant left after judgments (Ps 58:10,
11; Zec 14:16).
10. uprightness—rather, as in Isa 26:7, "prosperity," answering to
"favor" in the parallelism, and in antithesis to "judgments in the
26:9); where prosperity
attends the wicked as well as the just, "he will not learn
righteousness," therefore judgments must be sent that he may
"learn" it [Maurer].
11. lifted up—to punish the foes of
God's people. They who will not see shall be made to
"see" to their cost (Isa 5:12).
their envy at the people—that is, "Thy
people." Lowth translates, "They shall
see with confusion Thy zeal for Thy people."
fire of … enemies—that is, the
fire to which Thine enemies are doomed (Isa 9:18).
12. peace—God's favor, including all
blessings, temporal and spiritual, opposed to their previous trials
13. other lords—temporal; heathen kings
12:8; 28:5, 6),
Nebuchadnezzar, &c. Spiritual also, idols and lusts (Ro 6:16-18).
by thee only—It is due to Thee alone,
that we again worship Thee as our Lord [Maurer]. "(We are) Thine only, we will celebrate Thy
name" [Horsley]. The sanctifying effect
of affliction (Ps 71:16; 119:67, 71).
14. They—The "other lords" or tyrants
shall not live—namely, again.
powerless, in the land of shades (Isa 14:9, 10).
therefore—that is, inasmuch as.
Compare "therefore" (Ge 18:5; 19:8).
15. hast—prophetical preterite (Isa 9:3).
hast removed … far … ends of …
earth—rather, "Thou hast extended far all the borders of the
poured out—(Ps 62:8), as a vessel emptying out all its
prayer—literally, "a whispered
prayer," Margin, "a secret sighing" to God for help (compare
Jer 13:17; De 8:16).
17. An image of anguish accompanied with
expectation, to be followed by joy that will cause the anguish utterly
to be forgotten. Zion, looking for deliverance, seemingly in vain, but
really about to be gloriously saved (Mic 4:9, 10-13;
5:1-3; Joh 16:21, 22).
18. brought forth wind—Michaelis explains this of the disease
empneumatosis. Rather, "wind" is a figure for that which proves
an abortive effort. The "we" is in antithesis to "Thy," "my"
26:19), what we vainly
attempt, God will accomplish.
not wrought … deliverance in …
earth—literally, "the land (Judea) is not made
security," that is, is not become a place of security from our
neither … world fallen—The
"world" at large, is in antithesis to "the earth," that is, Judea. The
world at enmity with the city of God has not been subdued. But Maurer explains "fallen," according to
Arabic idiom, of the birth of a child, which is said to
fall when being born; "inhabitants of the world (Israel,
24:4; not the world in
general) are not yet born"; that is, the country as yet lies desolate,
and is not yet populated.
19. In antithesis to Isa 26:14, "They (Israel's foes) shall not live";
"Thy (Jehovah's) dead men (the Jews) shall live," that is, primarily,
be restored, spiritually (Isa 54:1-3), civilly and nationally (Isa 26:15); whereas Thy foes shall not;
ultimately, and in the fullest scope of the prophecy, restored to
life literally (Eze 37:1-14; Da 12:2).
together with my dead body—rather, "my
dead body," or "bodies" (the Jewish nation personified, which had been
spiritually and civilly dead; or the nation, as a parent, speaking of
the bodies of her children individually, see on Isa 26:9, "I," "My"): Jehovah's "dead" and "my dead" are
one and the same [Horsley]. However, as
Jesus is the antitype to Israel (Mt 2:15), English Version gives a true
sense, and one ultimately contemplated in the prophecy: Christ's
dead body being raised again is the source of Jehovah's people
(all, and especially believers, the spiritual Israelites) also
being raised (1Co 15:20-22).
Awake—(Eph 5:14), spiritually.
in dust—prostate and dead, spiritually
and nationally; also literally (Isa 25:12; 47:1).
dew—which falls copiously in the East
and supplies somewhat the lack of rain (Ho 14:5).
cast out … dead—that is, shall
bring them forth to life again.
20. enter … chambers—When God is
about to take vengeance on the ungodly, the saints shall be shut in by
Him in a place of safety, as Noah and his family were in the days of
the flood (Ge 7:16), and
as Israel was commanded not to go out of doors on the night of the
slaying of the Egyptian first-born (Ex 12:22, 23; Ps 31:20;
83:3). The saints are calmly
and confidently to await the issue (Ex 14:13, 14).
21. (Mic 1:3; Jude 14).
disclose … blood—(Ge 4:10, 11; Job 16:18; Eze 24:7, 8). All the innocent blood shed, and all
other wrongs done, so long seemingly with impunity, shall then be