Isa 25:1-12. Continuation of
the Twenty-fourth Chapter. Thanksgiving for the Overthrow of the
Apostate Faction, and the Setting Up of Jehovah's Throne on
The restoration from Babylon and re-establishment of
the theocracy was a type and pledge of this.
1. wonderful—(Isa 9:6).
counsels of old—(Isa 42:9;
46:10). Purposes planned long
ago; here, as to the deliverance of His people.
covenant-keeping, faithful to promises; the peculiar characteristic of
2. a city … heap—Babylon, type of
the seat of Antichrist, to be destroyed in the last days (compare Jer
51:37, with Re 18:1-24,
followed, as here, by the song of the saints' thanksgiving in Re 19:1-21). "Heaps" is a graphic picture of
Babylon and Nineveh as they now are.
palace—Babylon regarded, on account of
its splendor, as a vast palace. But Maurer translates, "a citadel."
of strangers—foreigners, whose capital
pre-eminently Babylon was, the metropolis of the pagan world. "Aliens
from the commonwealth of Israel, strangers from the covenants of
promise" (Isa 29:5; Eph 2:12; see in contrast, Joe 3:17).
never be built—(Isa 13:19, 20, &c.).
3. strong people—This cannot apply to
the Jews; but other nations on which Babylon had exercised its cruelty
14:12) shall worship Jehovah,
awed by the judgment inflicted on Babylon (Isa 23:18).
city—not Babylon, which shall then be
destroyed, but collectively for the cities of the surrounding
4. the poor … needy—the Jews,
exiles from their country (Isa 26:6; 41:17).
heat—calamity (Isa 4:6; 32:2).
blast—that is, wrath.
storm—a tempest of rain, a
winter flood, rushing against and overthrowing the wall of a house.
5. Translate, "As the heat in a dry land (is
brought down by the shadow of a cloud, so) thou shalt bring down the
tumult (the shout of triumph over their enemies) of strangers
(foreigners); and as the heat by the shadow of the cloud (is brought
low), so the branch (the offspring) of the terrible ones shall be
brought low." Parkhurst translates the
Hebrew for "branch," the exulting song. Jerome translates the last clause, "And as when the
heat burns under a cloud, thou shalt make the branch of the terrible
ones to wither"; the branch withering even under the friendly shade of
a cloud typifies the wicked brought to ruin, not for want of natural
means of prosperity, but by the immediate act of God.
6. in this mountain—Zion: Messiah's
kingdom was to begin, and is to have its central seat hereafter, at
Jerusalem, as the common country of "all nations" (Isa 2:2, &c.).
56:7; Da 7:14; Lu 2:10).
feast—image of felicity (Ps 22:26, 27; Mt 8:11; Lu 14:15; Re 19:9; compare Ps 36:8; 87:1-7).
fat things—delicacies; the rich
mercies of God in Christ (Isa 55:2; Jer 31:14; Job 36:16).
wines on the lees—wine which has been
long kept on the lees; that is, the oldest and most generous wine
marrow—the choicest dainties (Ps 63:5).
well refined—cleared of all dregs.
7. face of … covering—image from
mourning, in which it was usual to cover the face with a veil
15:30). "Face of covering,"
that is, the covering itself; as in Job 41:13, "the face of his garment," the garment
itself. The covering or veil is the mist of ignorance as to a future
state, and the way to eternal life, which enveloped the nations (Eph 4:18) and the unbelieving Jew (2Co 3:15). The Jew, however, is
first to be converted before the conversion of "all
nations"; for it is "in this mountain," namely, Zion, that
the latter are to have the veil taken off (Ps 102:13, 15, 16, 21, 22; Ro 11:12).
8. Quoted in 1Co 15:54, in support of the resurrection.
swallow up … in
victory—completely and permanently "abolish" (2Ti 1:10;
Re 20:14; 21:4; compare Ge 2:17;
rebuke—(Compare Mr 8:38; Heb
9. And it shall be said in that day,
&c.—"After death has been swallowed up for ever, the people
of God, who had been delivered from the hand of death, shall say to the
Lord, Lo, this is our God, whom unbelievers regarded as only a
man" [Jerome]. "The words are so
moulded as to point us specially to the person of the Son of God, who
'saves' us; as He vouchsafed to Israel temporal saving, so to His elect
He appears for the purpose of conferring eternal salvation" [Vitringa]. The Jews, however, have a
special share in the words, This is our God (see on Isa 25:6).
we have waited—"Waited" is
characteristic of God's people in all ages (Ge 49:18; Tit
we will be glad and rejoice in his
salvation—compare Ps 118:24,
which refers to the second coming of Jesus (compare Ps 118:26,
with Lu 13:35).
10. rest—as its permanent
protector; on "hand" in this sense; compare Ezr 7:6, 28.
Moab—while Israel is being protected,
the foe is destroyed; Moab is the representative of all the foes of
under him—Rather, "in his own place"
or "country" (Ex 10:23; 16:29).
for the dunghill—Rather, "in the water
of the dung heap," in which straw was trodden to make it manure (Ps 83:10). Horsley translates either, "in the waters of
Madmenah," namely, for the making of bricks; or as the
Septuagint, "as the threshing-floor is trampled by the
corn-drag" (see Margin; Mic 4:11-13).
11. he—Jehovah shall spread His
hands to strike the foe on this side and on that, with as little effort
as a swimmer spreads forth his arms to cleave a passage through the
water [Calvin]. (Zec 5:3). Lowth
takes "he" as Moab, who, in danger of sinking, shall strain every nerve
to save himself; but Jehovah (and "he") shall cause him to sink
("bring down the pride" of Moab, Isa 16:6).
with the spoils of …
hands—literally, "the craftily acquired spoils" of his
(Moab's) hands [Barnes]. Moab's pride,
as well as the sudden gripe of his hands (namely, whereby he tries to
save himself from drowning) [Lowth].
"Together with the joints of his hands," that is, though Moab
struggle against Jehovah hand and foot [Maurer].
12. fortress—the strongholds of
Moab, the representative of the foes of God's people [Barnes]. Babylon [Maurer]. The society of infidels represented as a