1. A good name—(Job 30:8, Hebrew); "good" is supplied here
loving favour—kind regard, that is, of
the wise and good.
2. Before God all are on the same footing
3. are punished—that is, for their
temerity; for the evil is not necessarily punitive, as the
prudent might otherwise be its objects.
4. humility and the fear of the Lord—are
in apposition; one produces the other. On the results, compare Pr 3:16;
5. he that … them—Those who
properly watch over their own souls are thus preserved from the dangers
which attend the way of perverse men (Pr 16:17).
6. Train—initiate, or early
the way—literally, "his way," that
selected for him in which he should go; for early training secures
habitual walking in it.
7. The influence of wealth sets aside moral
distinctions is implied, and, of course, disapproved (compare Pr 19:6;
8. (Compare Pr 11:18; Ps
109:16-20; Ga 6:7, 8).
the rod … fail—His power to do
evil will be destroyed.
9. a bountiful eye—that is, a beneficent
for he giveth … poor—His acts
10. Cast out—or drive away. Scorners
foster strife by taunts and revilings.
11. (Compare Margin).
pureness of heart—and gentle, kind
words win favor, even from kings.
12. preserve—or guard.
knowledge—its principles and
overthroweth—utterly confounds and
destroys the wicked.
13. Frivolous excuses satisfy the indolent
14. The mouth—or flattering speeches
7:5) ensnare man, as
pits, beasts. God makes their own sin their punishment.
15. is bound—or firmly fixed.
Chastisement deters from crime and so leads to reformation of
16. These two vices pertain to the same
selfish feeling. Both are deservedly odious to God and incur
17. Here begins another division of the book,
marked by those encouragements to the pursuit of wisdom, which are
found in the earlier chapters. It will be observed that at Pr
22:22-24:12, the proverbs are
generally expressed in two verses instead of one (see Introduction).
18. These lessons must be laid up in the mind,
fitted—or better, "fixed" in the lips
so as to be ever ready.
19. That … Lord—This is the design
of the instruction.
20. excellent things—or probably of
counsels and knowledge—both advice and
21. Specially he desires to secure accuracy,
so that his pupil may teach others.
22, 23. Here follow ten precepts of two verses
each. Though men fail to defend the poor, God will (Pr 17:5; Ps
in the gate—place of public gathering
(Job 5:4; Ps 69:12).
24, 25. (Compare Pr 2:12-15;
25. a snare … soul—The
unsuspecting are often misled by bad company.
26, 27. (Compare Pr 6:1; 17:18).
27. should he take, &c.—that is, the
28. (Compare Pr 23:10). Do not entrench on others (De 19:14;
29. Success rewards diligence (Pr 10:4; 21:5).