1. rivers—irrigating channels (Ps 1:3), whose course was easily turned
11:10). God disposes even
kings as He pleases (Pr 16:9; Ps 33:15).
2. (Compare Pr 14:2; 16:2-25).
3. (Compare Ps 50:7-15; Isa 1:11,
4. high look—(Compare Margin;
proud heart—or, "heart of breadth,"
one that is swollen (compare Ps 101:5).
ploughing—better "lamp," a frequent
figure for prosperity (Pr 20:20);
hence joy or delight.
5. The contrast is between steady industry and
rashness (compare Pr 19:2).
6. The getting—or, "what is obtained"
(compare Job 7:2; Jer 22:13, Hebrew).
vanity … to and fro—as fleeting
as chaff or stubble in the wind (compare Pr 20:17-21; Ps 62:10). Such gettings are
them … death—act as if they did
7. robbery—or, "destruction," especially
oppression, of which they are authors.
shall destroy—literally, "cut with a
7:9), that is, utterly ruin
them. Their sins shall be visited on them in kind.
to do judgment—what is just and
8. of man—any one; his way is opposed to
truth, and also estranged from it. The pure proves himself such by his
9. corner—a turret or arbor on the
wide house—literally, "house of
fellowship," large enough for several families.
10. So strongly does he desire to do evil
10:3; Ec 8:11), that he will
not even spare his friend if in his way.
11. (Compare Pr 19:25). That which the simple learn by the
terrors of punishment, the wise learn by teaching.
12. (Compare Ps 37:35-38; 73:17, 20).
house—family or interests.
overthroweth—either supply "God"
10:24), or the word is used
13. The principles of retribution, often
taught (compare Ps 18:26; Mt 7:1-12).
14. The effect of bribery (Pr 17:23) is enhanced by secrecy, as the bribed
person does not wish his motives made known.
15. But the just love right and need no
bribes. The wicked at last meet destruction, though for a time happy in
16. the way of understanding—(Compare
remain—that is, rest as at a journey's
end; death will be his unchanging home.
17. Costly luxuries impoverish.
18. (Compare Pr 11:8). By suffering what they had devised for
the righteous, or brought on them, the wicked became their ransom, in
the usual sense of substitutes (compare Jos 7:26; Es 7:9).
19. (Compare Pr 21:9).
uninhabitable ground (Ps 65:12).
20. The wise, by diligence and care, lay up
and increase wealth, while fools
spend—literally, "swallow it up,"
21. He who tries to act justly and kindly
34:14) will prosper and
obtain justice and honor.
22. "Wisdom is better than strength" (Ec 7:19;
strength … thereof—that in which
23. (Compare Pr 13:2, 3; Jas 3:6-10).
24. The reproachful name is deserved by those
who treat others with anger and contempt.
25. desire—that is, of ease and idleness
brings him to starvation.
26. The sin of covetousness marks the
sluggard, as the virtue of benevolence the righteous.
27. God regards the heart, and hypocrisy is
more odious than open inconsistency.
wicked mind—or, "design" (Pr 1:4).
28. (Compare Pr 19:5).
that heareth—or heeds instruction, and
so grows wise.
speaketh constantly—or sincerely
1:5), and hence is believed
(Pr 12:19; Jas 1:19).
29. hardeneth his face—is obstinate.
directeth … way—considers it,
and acts advisedly.
30, 31. Men's best devices and reliances are
vain compared with God's, or without His aid (Pr 19:21;
Ps 20:7; 33:17).