1. (Compare Pr 28:6). "Rich" for fool here. Integrity
is better than riches (Pr 15:16, 17; 16:8).
2. The last illustrates the first clause.
Rashness, the result of ignorance, brings trouble.
3. perverteth … way—turns him back
from right (Pr 13:6; Jas 1:13); and he blames God for his
4. (Compare Pr 14:20). Such facts are often adduced with
5. Compare Pr 19:9, where perish explains not
escape here (compare Ps 88:9, 10).
8. (Compare Margin; Pr 15:32).
loveth … soul—or, "himself,"
which he evinces by regarding his best interests.
10. (Compare Pr 17:7). The fool is incapable of properly
using pleasure as knowledge, yet for him to have it is less incongruous
than the undue elevation of servants. Let each abide in his calling
11. (Compare Pr 14:29; 16:32). This inculcation of a forgiving spirit
shows that true religion is always the same (Mt 5:22-24).
12. (Compare Pr 16:14, 15; 20:2). A motive to submission to lawful
13. calamity—literally, "calamities,"
varied and many.
continual dropping—a perpetual
annoyance, wearing out patience.
14. A contrast of men's gifts and God's, who,
though author of both blessings, confers the latter by His more special
and—or, "but," implying that the evils
19:13 are only avoided by His
15. a deep sleep—a state of utter
idle soul—or, "person" (compare Pr 10:4;
16. (Compare Pr 10:17; 13:13).
despiseth … ways—opposed to
keeping or observing, neglects (Pr 16:17) (as unworthy of regard) his moral
17. (Compare Pr 14:21; Ps 37:26).
hath pity—shown by acts (compare
18. (Compare Pr 13:24; 23:13).
let not … spare—literally, "do
not lift up thy soul" (Ps 24:4; 25:1), that is, do not desire to his death; a
caution to passionate parents against angry chastisement.
19. Repeated efforts of kindness are lost on
20. (Compare Pr 13:18-20).
latter end—(Pr 5:11). In youth prepare for age.
21. (Compare Pr 16:1, 9; Ps 33:10, 11). The failure of man's devices is
22. desire—that is, to do good,
indicates a kind disposition (Pr 11:23); and the poor thus affected are better
than liars, who say and do not.
23. The fear … life—(Compare Pr 3:2).
abide—or, "remain contented" (1Ti 4:8).
not visited with evil—(Pr 10:3; Ps
37:25), as a judgment, in
which sense visit is often used (Ps 89:32; Jer 6:15).
24. bosom—literally, a wide dish in
which the hand was plunged in eating (Mt 26:23). Compare Pr 26:15, the sentiment expressed with equal
irony and less exaggeration.
25. Such is the benefit of reproof; even the
simple profit, much more the wise.
26. Unfilial conduct often condemned (Pr 17:21-25; 20:20; De 21:18, 21).
27. Avoid whatever leads from truth.
28. ungodly witness—(Compare
Margin), one false by bad principles (compare Pr 6:12).
scorneth judgment—sets at naught the
dictates of justice.
devoureth—literally, "swalloweth," as
29. Their punishment is sure, fixed, and ready
(compare Pr 3:34; 10:13).