1. Through desire … seeketh—that
is, seeks selfish gratification.
intermeddleth … wisdom—or,
"rushes on" (Pr 17:14)
against all wisdom, or what is valuable (Pr 2:7).
2. that his heart … itself—that
is, takes pleasure in revealing his folly (Pr 12:23;
3. So surely are sin and punishment connected
wicked, for "wickedness," answers to
ignominy, or the state of such; and
contempt, the feeling of others to them; and
reproach, a manifestation of contempt.
4. Wise speech is like an exhaustless stream
5. accept the person—(Compare Ps 82:2). "It is not good" is to be
supplied before "to overthrow."
6, 7. The quarrelsome bring trouble on
themselves. Their rash language ensnares them (Pr 6:2).
8. (Compare Pr 16:28).
as wounds—not sustained by the
Hebrew; better, as "sweet morsels," which men gladly
innermost … belly—the mind, or
heart (compare Pr 20:27-30; Ps 22:14).
9. One by failing to get, the other by wasting
wealth, grows poor.
waster—literally, "master of washing,"
10. name of the Lord—manifested
perfections (Ps 8:1; 20:2), as faithfulness, power, mercy,
&c., on which men rely.
is safe—literally, "set on high, out
of danger" (Ps 18:2; 91:4).
11. contrasts with Pr 18:10 (compare Pr 10:15). Such is a vain trust (compare Ps 73:6).
12. (Compare Pr 15:33; 16:18).
13. Hasty speech evinces self-conceit, and
ensures shame (Pr 26:12).
14. infirmity—bodily sickness, or
outward evil. The spirit, which sustains, being wounded,
no support is left, except, as implied, in God.
15. (Compare Pr 1:5, 15, 31).
16. (Compare Pr 17:8, 23). Disapproval of the fact stated is
17. One-sided statements are not reliable.
searcheth—thoroughly (Pr 17:9, 19).
18. The lot—whose disposal is of God
16:13), may, properly used,
be a right mode of settling disputes.
19. No feuds so difficult of adjustment as
those of relatives; hence great care should be used to avoid them.
20. (Compare Pr 12:14; 13:2). Men's words are the fruit, or,
increase of his lips, and when good, benefit them.
satisfied with—(Compare Pr 1:31;
21. Death and life—or, the greatest evil
that love it—that is, the tongue, or
its use for good or evil.
eat … fruit—(Compare Pr
18:19; Jas 1:19).
22. The old versions supply "good" before the
"wife," as the last clause and Pr 19:14 imply (compare Pr 31:10).
23. the rich … roughly—He is
tolerated because rich, implying that the estimate of men by wealth is
24. A man … friendly—better, "A
man … (is) to, or, may triumph (Ps 108:9), or, shout for joy (Ps 5:11), that is, may congratulate himself."
Indeed, there is a Friend who is better than a brother; such is the
"Friend of sinners" [Mt 11:19; Lu 7:34], who may have been before the writer's