1. sacrifices—or, "feasts" made with
part of them (compare Pr 7:14; Le 2:3; 7:31).
strife—its product, or attendant.
2. (Compare Pr 14:35).
causeth shame—(Pr 10:5).
shall … inheritance—that is,
share a brother's part (compare Nu 27:4, 7).
3. God only knows, as He tries (Ps 12:6;
66:10) the heart.
4. Wicked doers and speakers alike delight in
5. (Compare Pr 14:31).
glad at calamities—rejoicing in
others' evil. Such are rightly punished by God, who knows their
6. Prolonged posterity is a blessing, its
cutting off a curse (Pr 13:22; Ps 109:13-15), hence children may glory in virtuous
7. Excellent speech—(Compare
Margin). Such language as ill suits a fool, as lying (ought to
suit) a prince (Pr 16:12, 13).
8. One so corrupt as to take a bribe evinces
his high estimate of it by subjection to its influence (Pr 18:16;
9. seeketh love—(Compare Margin).
The contrast is between the peace-maker and tale-bearer.
10. Reproof more affects the wise than severe
11. Such meet just retribution (1Ki 2:25).
a cruel messenger—one to inflict
12. They are less rational in anger than wild
13. (Compare Ps 7:4; 35:12).
evil—injury to another (Pr 13:21).
14. letteth … water—as a breach in
before … meddled with—before
strife has become sharp, or, by an explanation better suiting the
figure, before it rolls on, or increases.
15. abomination … Lord—as
reversing His method of acting (Pr 3:32; 12:2).
16. Though wealth cannot buy wisdom for those
who do not love it, yet wisdom procures wealth (Pr 3:16;
17. To the second of these parallel clauses,
there is an accession of meaning, that is, that a brother's love is
specially seen in adversity.
18. (Compare Pr 6:1-5; 11:15).
in the presence, &c.—that is, he
either fails to consult his friend, or to follow his advice.
19. strife—contention is, and leads to,
he that exalteth his gate—gratifies a
vain love of costly building.
seeketh—or, "findeth," as if he sought
(compare "loveth death," Pr 8:36).
20. The second clause advances on the first.
The ill-natured fail of good, and the cavilling and fault-finding incur
21. (Compare Pr 23:24). Different words are rendered by
"fool," both denoting stupidity and impiety.
22. (Compare Pr 14:30; 15:13). The effect of the mind on the body is
medicine—or, "body," which better
corresponds with "bone."
drieth—as if the marrow were
23. a gift … bosom—Money and other
valuables were borne in a fold of the garment, called the bosom.
to pervert—that is, by bribery.
24. Wisdom … him—ever an object of
regard, while a fool's affections are unsettled.
25. a grief—or cross, vexation (compare
26. Also—that is, Equally to be avoided
are other sins: punishing good subjects, or resisting good rulers.
27, 28. Prudence of speech is commended as is
an excellent or calm spirit, not excited to vain conversation.