On Neginoth, that is, stringed instruments, as the kind of
musical accompaniment. On other parts of title, see Introduction., The historical occasion was
probably the same as that of the foregoing [see on Ps
3:1]. The writer, praying for further relief, admonishes his
enemies of the vanity of attacking God's servant, exhorts them to
repentance, and avows his confidence and peace in God's favor.
1. Hear—as in Ps 3:4.
God of my righteousness—or, "my
righteous God, as my holy hill" (Ps 2:6), who will act towards me on righteous
thou hast enlarged—expresses relief
afforded in opposition to "distress," which is expressed by a word
denoting straits or pressure. Past favor is a ground of hope for the
2. sons of men—men of note or prominence
(compare 2Ch 21:9).
turn my glory—or, "royal dignity."
into shame—or, "reproach."
vanity—a foolish and hopeless
enterprise (Ps 2:1).
3. godly—an object as well as subject of
divine favor (compare Ps 105:14, 15).
4. Stand in awe—(Eph 4:26), from Septuagint, "be angry."
Both clauses are qualified by "not."
5. Not only repent, but manifest penitence by
sacrifices or righteousness or righteous sacrifices, &c.
6, 7. Contrast true with vain confidence.
light of thy countenance upon
us—figure for favor (Nu 6:26; Ps 44:3; 81:16).
7. corn and wine—literally, "new corn
increased—an abundant harvest giving
great joy (Isa 9:3).
8. both lay me down, &c.—or, will
lie down at once, and sleep in sure confidence and quiet repose (Ps 3:5).