H. W. Smyth

Greek Grammar Notes

Part 1 383 ()













500. 1. D. Homer has short υ in ἀλύω, ἀνύω, βρύω, δύω, ἐρύω, ἠμύω, τανύω, φύω, and in all denominative verbs except ἐρητύ̄οντο and ἐπῑθύ̄ουσι, where is metrically necessary; long υ in ξύ̄ω, πτύ̄ω, ὕ̄ω; anceps in θῠ́ω sacrifice (ῡ doubtful), θύ̄ω rush on, rage, λῠ́ω (rarely λύ̄ω), ποιπνύω, ῥύομαι. Pindar has υ short in θύω sacrifice, ἰσχύω, λύω, μανύω, ῥύω, ῥύομαι, in presents in -νυω, and in denominative verbs.

2. Hom. has in the primitives πί̄ομαι and χρί̄ω; but τῐ́ω and τί̄ω (τείω?); -ῐω in denominatives (except μήνῑε B 769). κονί̄ω, ὀί̄ομαι are from κονι(σ)-ι ̯ω, ὀι(σ)-ι ̯ομαι.

3. Where Attic has ῡ, ῑ in the present, and Epic ῠ, ῐ, the former are due to the influence of ῡ, ῑ in the future and aorist.





503 D. These verbs end in -ευω in Aeolic (πνεύω etc.). Epic πλείω, πνείω have ει by metrical lengthening (28 D.).





508D. Aeolic has -σδω for -ζω.





516 D. Homer has many cases of this confusion; as πολεμίζω (πολεμιδ-) but πολεμίξω.  In Doric the ξ forms from -ζω verbs are especially common, as χωρίζω separate, χωριξῶ, ἐχώριξα. παίζω sport has (late) ἔπαιξα.





519 D. Aeolic has here -εννω, -ερρω, -ιννω, -ιρρω, -υννω, -υρρω (37 D. 3); for κτείνω, it has κταίνω; cp. Doric φθαίρω for φθείρω.





526 c. D. Hom. has ἐΐσκω liken for ϜεϜί(κ)-σκω, also ἴσκω from Ϝί(κ)-σκω, τιτύ(κ)-σκομαι prepare, δε-δί(κ)-σκομαι welcome.