H. W. Smyth

Greek Grammar Notes

Part 1 474-






485 D. Some Ionic and poetic verbs adding ε are ἀλέξω, ἄλθομαι, γεγωνέω, γηθέω, δουπέω, εἴρομαι, εἰλέω, ἐπαυρέω, κελαδέω, κέλομαι, κεντέω, κήδω, κτυπέω, κυρέω, λάσκω, μέδομαι, μύζω, πατέομαι, ῥῑγέω, στυγέω, τορέω, χάζω, φιλέω (poetic forms), χραισμέω; ἀμπλακίσκω, ἀπαφίσκω; Epic ἐδιδάσκησα (διδάσκω), πιθήσω, πεπιθήσω, πιθήσᾱς (πείθω), πεφιδήσομαι (φείδομαι).





486 D. α is added also in βρῡχάομαι, γοάω, δηριάομαι, λιχμάω, μηκάομαι, μητιάω.  All these are mainly poetic.

488 D. Here belong Epic ἀκηδέω, κοτέω, λοέω, νεικέω, and the forms ἄασα, -άμην, ἄεσα. ἐρύω shows ἐρῡ- and ἐρῠ-.





489 D. Hom. has original forms in πεφραδμένος (φραζω), κεκορυθμένος (κορύττω), ἐπέπιθμεν (πείθω).






490 D. A few verbs make poetic forms by adding -θόε- to the present or the 2 aorist tense-stem, in which α or ε (υ once) takes the place of the thematic vowel of the simple verb. Such forms are chiefly Homeric, but occur sometimes in Attic poetry, very rarely in prose. Thus, φλεγέθω (φλέγω burn), ἐδιώκαθοι (διώκω pursue), ἔσχεθον (ἔχω have). θ-forms are found in moods other than the indicative (εἰκάθω, εἰκάθοιμι, ἀμῡνάθατε, διωκάθειν, εἰκάθων).





492 D. See the List of Verbs for poetical forms of ἁμαρτάνω, δαρθάνω, θρά̄ττω, βλώσκω, δαμάζω, δέμω, πορ-.





493 D. See the List of Verbs for poetical forms of πέλω, πελάζω, μέλω, μέλομαι; also ἔτετμον found, ἔπεφνον slew.





494 D. Poetic ἀραρίσκω (ἀρ) fit, and the intensives (867) μαρ-μαίρω (μαρ-) flash, πορ-φύ̄ρω (φυρ-) grow red, παμ-φαίνω (φαν-) shine brightly, ποι-πνύω (πνυ-) puff.  Also with η in δη-δέκ-το greeted (Mss. δείδεκτο).