H. W. Smyth

Greek Grammar Notes

Part 2 423-438





425 a. D.  The 2. aor. mid. inf. in Hom. is recessive in ἀγέρεσθαι (ἀγείρω assemble); so the perf. ἀλάλησθαι (ἀλάομαι wander), ἀκάχησθαι (ἄχνυμαι am distressed).





425 b (2) D.  But Hom. has ἀλαλήμενος (ἀλάομαι wander), ἀκαχήμενος or ἀκηχέμενος (ἄχνυμαι am distressed), ἐσσύμενος (σεύω drive).





429 a. D. Hom. has ἔλλαβε took (for ἐ-σλαβε), ἔννεον swam (for ἐ-σνεον), ἐσσείοντο shook (for ἐ-τfειοντο), ἔδδεισε feared (for ἐ-δfεισε). ἔμμαθε learned is due to analogy.





431 D.  Syllabic augment in Homer before a vowel is a sure proof of initial Ϝ in ἔειπον and some other verbs.  Similar Ionic and poetic forms occur from εἶδον, εἴλω, εἴρω, ἔλπω, ἕννῡμι, ἔρδω, οἰνοχοέω, etc.