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398 RELIGIOUS ENCYCLOPEDIA Sherlock 6hnehan which he remained until 1878, when he was received into the Roman Catholic Church. He has been a prolific literary worker, being especially interested in devotional literature and in religious poetry. Thus he has edited Luis of Granada's Counsels on Holiness of Life (London, 1862); J. B. E. Avrillon's Euehar istie Meditations for a Month (1862) and Avrillon on the Holy Spirit (1866); D. Bourdaloue's Spiritual Exercises (1868); A. de Guevara's Mysteries of Mount Calvary (1868); A. Stafford's Life of the Blessed Virgin (1869); Ignatius of Loyola's Spiri tual Exercises (1870); and T. Carre's Sweet Thoughts of Jesus and Mary (1889). Of liturgical works he has edited, among others, Eucharistic Litanies, from Ancient Sources (1860), The Daily Sacrifice (1861), and The Divine Liturgy (1863), combining these in one (1868); The Liturgies of 164.9 and 1662 (1868); and The Ritual of the Altar (1870). In religious poet ry he has edited Lyra Eucharistica (1863); Lyra Messianica (1864); Lyra Mystica (1865); Annus Sanctus (1884); and Carmina Mariana (2 vols., 1893-1902). In the way of collections of essays he has put forth The Church and the World (3 vols., 1866-68); Tracts for the Day (1867); A Glossary of Ecclesiastical Terms (1872); Ecclesiastical Reform (1873); Studies in Modern Problems (1874); and Truthfulness and Ritualism (1879-$0). Independ ently he has published Six Short Sermons on Sin (1867); Four Cardinal Virtues (1871); Secular Judgments in Spiritual Matters (1871); A Theory about Sin in Relation to Some Facts of Daily Life (1875); and Principles of the Faith (1879). SHIPP, ALBERT MICAJAH: Methodist Epis copal (South); b. in Stokes County, N. C., Jan. 15, 1819; d. at his home in Marlboro County, S. C., near Cheraw, June 27, 1887. He was graduated from the University of North Carolina, 1840; entered the ministry, 1841; became president of Greenborough Female College, N. C., 1847; professor of history and French in the University of North Carolina, 1849; president of W offord College, Spartanburg Court House, S. C., 1859; professor of exegetical and Biblical theology in Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn., 1874; and dean of the theological faculty, and vice-chancellor of the university, 1882. He origi nated the policy of Biblical chairs for teaching the Bible to the whole body of students in all Methodist institutions of learning, and was one of the first advocates of Biblical institutes for the education of preachers for the Methodist Episcopal Church (South). He wrote The History of Methodism in South Carolina (Nashville, 1882). SHISHAg. See EGYPT, I. 3, § 3; JEROBOAM; and REHOBOAM. SHORE, THOMAS TEIGNMOUTH: Church of England; b. at Dublin Dec. 28, 1841. He was educated at Trinity College, Dublin (B.A., 1861), and was ordered deacon in 1865 and ordained priest in 1866. He was curate of St. Jude's, Chelsea (1865 1867), St. Paul's, Kensington (1867-69), and St. Peter's, Vere Street, London (1869-70), and in cumbent of St. Mildred's, Lee (1870-73), and of Berkeley Chapel, Mayfair, London (1873-90). Since 1901 he has been canon of Worcester Cathedral. He was honorary chaplain to the Queen in 1878-81

and chaplain in ordinary in 1881-1901, and since 1901 he has been chaplain in ordinary to the king. He was religious instructor to the three daughters of King Edward VII. In theology he is a Broad churchman of the type of Maurice (whose curate he was at St. Peter's) and Kingsley. He has written Some Difculties of Belief (London, 1877); The Life of the World to Come (1878); St. George for England (1882); Worcester Cathedral (1899); and Auricular Confession and the Church of England (1899), besides preparing the volume on I Corinthians for Bishop Ellicott's Commentary (1883) and on Prayer for the series of Helps to Belief (1886), of which he is the editor.



SHUCKFORD, SAMUEL: Church of England; b. at Norwich about 1694; d. at London July 14, 1754. He was educated at Caius College, Cambridge (B.A., 1716; M.A., 1720); was curate of Shelton, Norfolk, 1722-46; prebendary of Canterbury, from 1738; and rector of Allhallows, Lombard Street, London. He was the author of the famous work, The Sacred and Profane History of the World Connected from the Creation of the World to the Dissolution of the Assyrian Empire at the Death of Sardanapalus, and to the Declension of the Kingdoms of Judah and Israel under the Reigns of Ahaz and Pekah (2 vols., 1727; rev. ed. by J. T. Wheeler, 2 vols., London, 1858). This was intended to supplement Hum phrey Prideaux's Connection, but was finished only to the death of Joshua.

BIBLIOGRAPHY: DNB, Iii. 168, where references are given to scattered notices.

SHUEY, shu'i, WILLIAM JOHN: United Brethren in Christ; b. at Miamisburg, O., Feb. 9, 1827. He was educated at the academy, Springfield, O.; was pastor at Lewisburg, O., 1849-51, Cincinnati, 1851-59; Dayton, O., 1860-62; presiding elder, 1862-64; and a member of the publishing house at Dayton, O., 1864-97, retiring in the last-named year. In 1855 he was engaged in the planting of a mission near Freetown, Sierra Leone, on the West Coast of Africa.

SHUSHAN: The Biblical name for the place now known as Sus or Shush in southwest Persia, anciently the capital of Elam, east of Babylonia. The Septuagint form of the name is Sousa, agreeing with the ordinary name Susa, Elamitic Shushun, Assyr. Shushan. The Greeks called the country of which it is the capital Susiana, and in the time of Herodotus (Rawlinson's Herodotus, i. 679, New York, 1875) it was called Kissia. Descendants, apparently of the inhabitants of Shushan, who had been transported to Samaria by the Assyrian king, are spoken of as Susanchites (Ezra iv. 19). The city is said to have been situated either on the river Ulseus (Dan. viii. 2; cf. Pliny vi. 27) or the Choaspes or Kherka (Herodotus, v. 49). Disputes about the location with reference to these rivers would probably be solved were the canal system: of the early period well known. The Choaspes forked twenty miles above Susa, but connecting canals probably