PHILIP THE APOSTLE: One of the twelve, usually named fifth in order in the lists of the apostles. Excepting in these lists, he is not mentioned in the Synoptic Gospels. In the narrative of the Fourth Gospel he occasionally appears individually (John i. 14 sqq., vi. 5 sqq., xii. 21 sqq., xiv. 8 sqq.). He " was of Bethsaida, the city of Andrew and Peter " (
The patristic statements (Clement of Alexandria, Strom., iii. 4; Eusebius, Hist. eccl., III., xxxi., Eng. transl., NPNF, 1 ser.,162) that the unnamed disciple of Jesus in Luke ix. 60; Matt. viii. 22, was Philip rests probably on a confusion with the evangelist of this name. This mistake, however, has both possible and rational explanation, in case the apostle and the evangelist alike sojourned in Asia Minor (see PHILIP THE EVANGELIST).
BIBLIOGRAPY: Consult in general: The commentaries on
the Gospels and Acts, and works on the apostolic age.
Also A. B. Bruce, The Training of the Twelve, Edinburgh, 1871;
J. B. Lightfoot, Commentary on Colossians, pp. 45-48. London. 1879; idem, Cambridge Sermons, pp. 129
sqq., ib. 1890;
G. Milligan, The Twelve Apostles, London, 1904; DB, iii 834-836; EB, iii. 3697-3701; DCG, ii.
Vigouroux, Dictionnaire, part xxxi., cols. 267-270. For the apocryphal history consult: C. Tischen-
dorf, Acta apostalorum apocrypha, pp. xxxi.-xl., 75-104, Leipsic, 1851;
W. Wright, Apocryphal Acts of the Apostles, ii. 69 sqq., London, 1871; Apocryphal Gospels, Acts, and Revelations, Eng. transl. by A. Walker, pp. 301-324, Edinburgh, 1873;
R. A. Lipsius, Die apokryphen Apostelgeschichten und Apostellegenden, ii. 2, pp. 1-53, Brunswick, 1884; Analecta Bollandiana, ix (1890), 204-249;
T. Zahn, Geschichte des neutestamentlichen Kanons, ii. 761-788, Leipsic, 1890;
Stölten, in JPT, 1891, pp. 149-160; Apocrypha Anecdota, in TU, ii. 3 (1893);
A. S. Lewis, Mythological Acts of the Apostles, in Horć Semiticć, iv., London, 1904;
Harnack. Litteratur, i. 138.
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